- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - bibliography

Related eponyms


French physician, born April 24, 1775, Oraison, Provence; died July 5, 1838, Paris.


  • De l’éducation d’un homme sauvage, ou des premier développements physiques et moraux du jeune sauvage de l’Aveyron.
    Paris, Goujon fils, An X (1801). English translation, London, 1802.
    Second and less optimistic report:
  • Rapport fait a son excellence le Ministre de l'Interieursur les nouveaux d´developpements et de l’état actuel du sauvage de l’Aveyron. Paris, 1807.
    In: Desiré-Magloire Bourneville (1840-1909), editor: Rapports et Mémoires sur le Sauvage de l'Aveyron. Paris: Alcan, 1884.
    German translations:
  • Gutachten über die ersten Entwicklungen des Viktor von Aveyron (1801).
  • Bericht über die Weiterentwicklung des Viktor von Aveyron (1806/1807).
    In: Lucien Malson and Octave Mannoni: Die wilden Kinder.
    Aus dem Französischen von Eva Moldenhauer.
    Frankfurt am Main, 1972: 114-163 and 164-220.
  • Mémoire et Rapport sur Victor de l'Aveyron. 1801 and 1806.
  • The wild boy of Aveyron.
    Translated by George Humphrey and Muriel Miller Humphrey.
    New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1932. New edition in 1962.
  • Traité des maladies d'oreille et de l'audition.
    2 volumes. Paris, Méquignon Marvis, 1821.
    This is the first modern textbook devoted exclusively to diseases of the ear.
  • Mémoire sur quelques functions involontaires des appareils de la locomotion, de la préhension et de la voix.
    Archives générales de médecine, Paris, 1825, 8: 385-407.
    Itard is credited with the first description of the Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome. He described it in the Marquise de Dampierre, a woman of nobility. Biographical etc.
  • P. Pinchot:
    French pioneers in the field of mental deficiency.
    American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 3 (1), 1948: 128-137.
  • L. Kanner:
    Medicine in the history of mental retardation.
    American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1967, 72 (2): 165-170.
  • Lucien Malson:
    Wolf Children and the Problem of Human Nature.
    New York : Monthly Reviev Press, 1972.
  • M. G. Frankel, F. W. Happ, M. P. Smith:
    The relation of historical and contemporary theories to functional Teaching.
    In: Functional teaching of the mentally retarded. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas, 1975.
  • J. E. French:
    Itard, Jean-Marie-Gaspard.
    In A.E. Kazdin, editor: Encyclopedia of psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • J. F. Gaynor:
    The "failure" of J.M.G. Itard. Journal of Special Education, 1973, 7 (4): 439-445.
  • George Humphrey:
    Introduction. In J.M.G. Itard (Author): The wild boy of Aveyron. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1962.
  • E. Wood:
    The wild boy of Aveyron ("Itard's syndrome"?).
    Nursing Mirror and Midwives Journal, London, May 1, 1975, 140 (18): 61-63.

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