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Frederik Ruysch - bibliography

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Dutch anatomist and botanist, born March 23, 1638, Den Haag, Netherlands; died February 22, 1731; Amsterdam.


  • Disputatio medica inauguralis de pleuritide.
    Doctoral thesis, Leiden, 1664.
  • Dilucidatio valvularum in vasis lymphaticis et lacteis.
    Hagae-Comitiae, ex officina H. Gael, 1665; Leiden, 1667; Amsterdam, 1720. 2nd edition, 1742.
    Facsimile reprint, Niewkoop, De Graaf, 1964. First description of the valves of the lymphatics.
  • Museum anatomicum Ruyschianum, sive catalogus rariorum quae in Authoris aedibus asservantur.
    Amsterdam, 1691. 2nd edition, 1721; 3rd edition, 1737.
    English translation, London, 1751.
  • Catalogus Musaei Ruyschiani..Praeparatorum Anatomicorum, variorum Animalium, Plantarum, aliarumque Rerum Naturalium …
    Amsterdam: Janssonio-Waesbergios, [1731].
    Ruysch assembled one of the largest anatomical collections of the time, including examples of human beings with physical oddities. He was famous for his rather romantic and dramatic ways of displaying his specimens using innovative embalming techniques. His 'cabinet' became a major attraction for foreign visitors and was on view in several small rented houses in Amsterdam. He also conducted public dissections on human corpses by candlelight, accompanied by music and refreshments.
    This catalogue describes 1,189 anatomical specimens, followed by 27 lots of exotic plants from Ruysch's collection.
  • Observationum anatomico-chirurgicarum centuria.
    Amsterdam 1691; 2nd edition, 1721: 3rd edition, 1737.
    Ruysh invented a method for minute injection of anatomical structures allowing detailed studies. The recipe for the injected substance has been lost, however. In this text of practical observations in medicine and surgery, Ruysh presents the results of one hundred studies and illustrates many of them with excellent engravings, many of which are undoubtedly enhanced by his injection techniques. Also bound in this work is his Museum anatomicum Ruyschianum, a catalog of the specimens in his museum, which was purchased and moved to Russia by Peter the Great in 1717.
    Epistolae anatomicae problematicae. 14 volumes. Amsterdam, 1696-1701.
  • Responsio ad G. Bidloi libellum quem vindicias inscripsit. Amsterdam, 1698, 1721.
  • Thesaurus anatomicus.
    10 volumes. Amstelaedami, Johan Wolters, 1701-1716. All with Dutch translation.
  • Adversarium anatomico-medico-chirurgicorum decas prima. Amsterdam 1717.
    This first printing is one of the earliest accounts of the cellular activity of the female reproductive system.
  • Curae posteriores seu thesaurus anatomicus omnium precedentium maximus. Amsterdam, 1724.
  • Ontleedkundige verhandelingen over de vinaing van een spier (Muskel) in de grond des baar-moeders.
    Amsterdam, 1725: Latin, 1726.
  • Curae renovatae seu thesaurus anatomicus post curas posteriores novus.
    Amsterdam, 1728.
  • Thesaurus animalium primus. Amsterdam, 1728. 18: Amsterdam, 1710, 1725.
  • Curae renovatae seu thesaurus anatomicus post curas posteriores novus. Amsterdam, 1733.
  • Responsio ad Godefridi Bidloi libellum cui nomen vindicias inscipsit. Amsterdam, 1697; 2nd edition, 1738.
  • Adversorium anatomico-medico-chirurgicarum decas prima. Amsterdam, 1717; 2nd edition, 1729: Decas secunda, 1720; decas tertia, 1728.
  • Opusculum anatomicum de fabrica glandularum in corpore humano.
    Written with Hermann Boerhaave (1668-1738).
    Leiden, 1722; Amsterdam, 1733.
  • Tractatio anatomica de musculo in fundo uteri.
    Amsterdam, 1723. With Dutch translation by A. Lambrechts as Over de baarmoeder-, of the ronde spier van de liifmoeder. Amsterdam, 1726; 2nd edition, 1731.
  • Opera omnia. 4 volumes. Amsterdam, 1721.
  • Opera omnia anatomico-medico-chirurgica huc usque edita.
    5 volumes. Amsterdam, 1737.
    Dutch translation of above by Y. G. Arlebout: Alle de ontleed- genees- en heelkundige werken van Fr. Ruysch. 3 parts. Amsterdam, 1744.
  • Horti medici Amstelodamensis rariorum descriptio.
    Written with F. Kigelaar. Amsterdam, 1697.
  • Bernard Fontenelle:
    Éloge de M. Ruysch.
    Histoire de l’Académie royale des sciences pour l’année 1731 avec les mémoires de mathématique et physique pour la même année, tirés des registres de cette Académie.
  • N. T. Hazen:
    Johnson’s Life of Frederic Ruysch.
    Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Baltimore, 1939; 7: 324.
  • J. G. De Lint:
    Frederik Ruysch.
    Nieuw Nederlandsch Biographisch Woordenboek, III: 1108-1109.
  • P. Scheltema:
    Het leven van Frederik Ruysch. M.D. dissertation, 1886.

We thank Patrick Jucker-Kupper for information submitted.

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