- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Erich Urbach

Born  1893
Died  1946

Related eponyms

Austrian-American allergologist and dermatologist, born July 29, 1893, Prague; died 1946.

Biography of Erich Urbach

Born in Czechoslovakia, Erich Urbach went to medical school at the University of Vienna for two years. When the 1st World War broke out he served in the Austrian army as a lieutenant and a member of the surgical group of professor Anton Freiherr von Eiselsberg (1860-1939) and was decorated for bravery.

Urbach graduated doctor of medicine from the University of Vienna under Wilhelm Kerl (1880-1945) in 1919. He worked in the internal departments of the Wiener allgemeines Krankenhaus under Jakob Pal (1863-1936) and Wilhelm Schlesinger (1869-1947), at the skin department under Salomon Ehrmann (1854-1926), at the Breslau skin clinic under Josef Jadassohn (1863-1936), and was an assistant at the skin department of the Rothschildspital in Vienna under Hans Königstein (1878-1954).

In 1929 he was habilitated for skin and venereal diseases at his alma mater, becoming Dozent. He was subsequently assistant physician at the II skin clinic with Wilhelm Kerl. From 1936 to 1938 he was chief physician at the department of dermatology and allergy at the Merchant’s hospital, Vienna, but with the advent of Hitler he migrated to the United States in 1938 and became an associate of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania. From 1939 he was chief of the allergy department of the Jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. He was the author of many publications and published a very popular book "Allergy", with P. M. Gottlieb.


  • Haut- und Stoffwechsel einschliesslich der Ernährungstherapie.
    In Arzt-Zieler, Lehrbuch und Atlas der Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten, Berlin and Vienna, 1924; 2nd dition, 1928.
  • Hautkrankheiten und Ernährung mit Berücksichtigung der Dermatosen des Kindesalters.
    Vienna, Wilhelm Maudrich, 1932.
  • Skin Diseases and Nutrition, including the Dermatoses of children.
    Translated by F. R. Schmidt. Vienna: Wilhelm Maudrich, 1932.
  • Lipoidstoffwechselerkrankungen der Haut.
    Handbuch der Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten. Volume 12, 2; Berlin, 1932.
  • Erich Urbach and E. B. Lewinn:
    Skin Disease, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Chapter XIX: cutaneous Tuberculosis. Pages 530-537.
    New York, Grune & Stratton, 1946 (original 1932).

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.