- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Rudolf von Jaksch

Born  1855
Died  1947

Related eponyms

Austrian internist, born July 16, 1855, Prag-Weinberge; died 1947.

Biography of Rudolf von Jaksch

Rudolf von Jaksch, or Rudolf Jaksch Ritter von Wartenhorst was the son of the physician Anton Jaksch Ritter von Wartenhorst (1810-1887). He studied in Prague and Strassburg, and obtained his medical doctorate at Prague in 1878. The same year he became an assistant under professor Theodor Albrecht Edwin Klebs (1834-1913).

From 1879 to 1881 he worked with his father, from 1881 to 1882 with Alfred Pribram (1841-1912) in Prague and from 1882 with Carl Wilhelm Hermann Nothnagel (1842-1905) in Vienna. Jaksch was habilitated as Privatdozent of internal medicine from 1883.

In 1887 he was called to Graz as professor of paediatrics and, in 1899, became professor of internal medicine and head of the II internal clinic at the Carl-Ferdinand-Universität (the German university) in Prague, where a new and modern clinic was built on his initiative. The clinic had a cold-water therapy institute, laboratory, library, lecture room with daylight from above, and was fitted up with glass, steel, and marble. It was opened with pomp and circumstances in 1899. The baths constructed for the clinic were awarded an honorary diploma at the Berliner Krankenpflege-Ausstellung in 1899.

Von Jaksch was a member of numerous German and foreign societies. A list of publications by him and his students ranks more than 200 titles. His work concerns a wide field of medical chemistry and paediatrics.


  • Versuche über die therapeutische Wirksamkeit des Chinolins.
  • Über das Vorkommen von Acetessigsäure im Harn.
  • Über pathologische Acetonurie.
  • Über das Vorkommen von Nuclein im Menschengehirn.
    [Pflüger’s] Archiv für die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Tiere, Berlin, 1876, XIII.
  • Über die klinische Bedeutung der Peptonurie.
  • Über die therapeutische Wirkung einiger neuer Chinolinbasen.
  • Untersuchung der Milch einer Icterischen.
    Prager medicinische Wochenshrift, Prague, 1880.
  • Mittheilungen aus der I. int Klin.
    Prager medicinische Wochenshrift, Prague, 1880.
  • Casuistischer Beitrag zur Lehre vom weakened heart.
    Prager medicinische Wochenshrift, Prague, 1880.
  • Studien über den Harnstoffpilz.
    [Hoppe-Seyler’s] Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie, Strassburg, 1881.
  • Über das Vorkommen mit Eisenchlorid sich roth färbender Harne beim Diabetes und bei akuten Exanthemen.
    Zeitschrift für Heilkunde, Prague, 1882.
  • Klinische Diagnostik innerer Krankheiten mittels bakteriolog. chem. und mikroskop. Untersuchungsmethoden.
    Vienna, 1882; 4th edition, 1899. Translated into English, Russian, Italian, Spanish, French, and Hungarian.
  • Über Glycosurie bei Kohlenoxydvergiftung.
    Prager medicinische Wochenshrift, Prague, 1882.
  • Über Acetonurie und Diaceturie.
    Monograph. Berlin, 1885.
  • Klinische Diagnostik innerer Krankheiten.
    Vienna, 1887; 6th edition, 1907; translated into English.
  • Die Vergiftungen.
    In Carl Wilhelm Hermann Nothnagel (1841-1905), et al, publisher: Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie. Handbuch der speziellen Pathologie und Therapie. Volume I. Vienna, 1897; 2nd edition, 1910.
  • Die Tuberkulose und ihre Bekämpfung.
    With Anton Ghon (1866-1936). Vienna, 1922.
  • Richtlinien der Krankenuntersuchung.
    With Hugo Pribram (1881-). Breslau and Vienna, 1923.

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