Biography of Fulgence Raymond
Fulgence Raymond first studied veterinary medicine at the École d'Alfort, where as a graduated veterinarian, from 1867 held an important position as chef des travaux d’anatomie at de physiologie at this school. For a period he was veterinary surgeon to the French army before he went to Paris to commence a new study - that of human medicine, mostly as a student of Edmé Félix Alfred Vulpian (1826-1887).
In Paris Raymond became externe in 1870, 1871 a interne, and doctor of medicine in 1876. 1877 chef de clinique under Germain Sée (1818-1896), 1878 médecin des hôpitaux. He was habilitated in 1880, becoming professeur agrégé that year, and in 1894 was appointed Jean Martin Charcot's (1825-1893) successor to the chair of neurology at the Salpêtrière, a position in which he contributed greatly to the fame of this renowned institution.
His colleagues numbered Joseph Babinsky (1857-1932), Georges Marinesco and Pierre Marie (1853-1940), who succeeded him. Jean Athanase Sicard (1872-1929) was one of his more outstanding pupils. Although his teaching was less dramatic than that of Charcot, he gave excellent lectures.
Raymond concerned himself with a variety of neurological themes. He investigated hemianaesthesia, the semihemipheric loss of sensitivity caused by lesions of the cerebral cortex, disturbances of the central sensitive nervous pathways, and damages to the medulla oblongata. He contributed to disorders of the cauda equina and spinal column and collaborated with Pierre Janet (1859-1947) on neuroses and psychosomatic states.
A monument was erected to his memory at St. Christophe.