- A dictionary of medical eponyms

John Montgomery Baldy

Born  1860
Died  1934

Related eponyms

American gynaecologist, 1860-1934.

Biography of John Montgomery Baldy

John Montgomery Baldy was Professor of gynaecology at the Philadelphia Polyclinic. He is best remembered for having performed one of the earliest, albeit unsuccessful, gastrectomies in the United States (1898) and for modifying John Webster’s (1863-1950) method of treating retrodisplacement of the uterus (1903).


  • J. M. Baldy:
    First removal of the stomach in America.
    American Journal of Surgery and Gynecology, New York , 1897-1898, 109: 157-158.
    Operation performed by Baldy in 1893. He refers to a claim in Journal of the American Medical Association, 1898, 30: 341-344 giving credit for the first excision of the stomach in America to A. C. Barnays (1854-1907). While Baldy probably deserves priority, the point is moot since neither Baldy's nor Barnay's operations were successful.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.