- A dictionary of medical eponyms

August Franz Joseph Karl Mayer

Born  1787
Died  1865

Related eponyms

German anatomist and physiologist, born November 2, 1787, Schwäbish-Gmünd, Württemberg; died November 9, 1865, Bonn.

Biography of August Franz Joseph Karl Mayer

August Franz Joseph Karl Mayer studied in Tübingen and received his doctorate in 1812. In 1813 he became prosector in Bern and 1815 professor of anatomy, pathological anatomy and physiology in that town. In 1819 he accepted an invitation to assume the same position in Bonn, where he maintained a large practice besides his academic duties. He held this position until 1856, when he retired to make place for his successors, Maximilian Johann Sigismund Schultze (1825-1874) and Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821-1894).

Mayer was a very prolific writer, publishing some 145 works. Most of them, however, deserve oblivion (and got what they deserved), being written in the tradition of the natural philosophers (im naturphilosophischen Sinne),

The works mentioned below are of a more «exact» nature.


  • Über Histologie und eine neue Eintheilung der Gewebe des Menschlichen Körpers. Bonn, 1819.
  • Untersuchungen über das Nabelbläschen und die Allantois bei Embryonen von Menschen und von den Säugethieren.
    Act naturae curiosorum caesarea leopoldina carol, vol. XVII.
    Separetely, Bonn, 1835. Obituaries:
  • Rüdinger, in Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, XXI, page 121.
  • Karl Schmizn in Die medizinische Fakultät der Universität Bonn 1818-1918. Bonn, 1918.
  • Hermann Vierordt, in Medizin-Geschichtliches Hilfsbuch- Tübingen, 1916. Page 187.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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