- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Nikolai Adolfovich Shereshevsky

Born  1885
Died  1961

Related eponyms

Shereshevskii, Russian endocrinologist, 1885-1961.

Biography of Nikolai Adolfovich Shereshevsky

Nicolay Adolfovich Shereshevsky in 1925 described an infertile woman with primary hypogonadism, low stature (height 132 cm), wing-shaped skin folds between neck and deltoid area, micrognatism and other signs of disease later named after him and Dr. Turner. The description of seven other cases was completed in 1938. He was , probably, first who has documented hypothyroidism among these patients, which is now explained with high incidence of autoimmune thyroiditis among them.

Shereshevsky was educated at the Medical School of Moscow University, where he received his M.D. in 1911- He then worked as a physician and defended PhD Thesis – “On the manifestations of vagotonia”, in 1914.

After that he worked as an internist at a sanatorium and served as military doctor in the Red Army. In 1921 he became associate professor at the Second Moscow University, where he delivered one of the first courses  on Clinical Endocrinology in the world and first in the USSR. In 1933 he became full professor. Later he headed the first Research Institute of Endocrinology and Hormone Chemistry from 1934 to 1953. In 1953, on February 2nd during a campaign of mass repressions against Kremlin physicians, he was arrested and accused of being a “foreign spy and killer of patients”. He was released from prison after Stalin’s death. Since 1953 Shereshevsky worked for the rest of his life at the Moscow Central Institute for Postgraduate Studies of Medical Doctors as a Chairman of the Endocrinology Department.

Nikolai Adolphovich Shereshevsky published over 100 articles and the first Russian textbook in Clinical Endoctrinology, re-published three times. In 1835 he organized the first congress of Soviet endocrinologists, and the following year he established the first Russian academic journal in Endocrinology– Problemy endocrinologii. He was a foreign member of the medical societies of Tchechoslovakian, Romani and Paris.

Ee thank Zoran Bojanic, serbia, and Leonid P. Churilov M.D., Ph.D., for information submitted. Churilov is Professor, Chairman of Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, St. Petersburg State University



•  Klinicheskoe nabljuzhdenie nad vagotoniei.
   Doctoral dissertation, Moscow, 1914.

•  Tireotoksikozi.Moscow 1951.

•  Klinicheskaja endokrinologija. Moskva 1957.
   Clinical Endocrinology. Moscow, Medgiz, 1957.

N. D. Ivanova:
•  The 125th anniversary of Nicolay Adolfovich Shereshevsky.
    Sakharny Diabet, Moscow, 2010 (3): 153-154.[ in Russian].

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