- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Eugene Wilson Caldwell

Born 1870-12-03
Died 1918-06-20

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American radiologist, born December 3, 1870, Savannah, Andrew County. died June 20, 1918, Roosevelt Hospital, New York

Biography of Eugene Wilson Caldwell

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen’s discovery of X-rays in 1895 started a revolution in diagnostic medicine. However, many of the pioneers in radiology were unaware of the dangers associated with radiation and payed a high price for their pioneering efforts. One of them was Eugene Wilson Caldwell who died of X-ray burns 
Eugene Wilson Caldwell was the son of William and Camilla (Kellogg) Caldwell. Soon after graduation from high school the family moved from Savannah to Concordia, Kansas
Caldwell grew up in the pioneering period for many things electrical and had a predilection for things mechanical. At seventeen he entered the University of Kansas at Lawrence. In these young years he was greatly influenced by Professor Lucien I. Blake of the department of physics. Blake was deeply interested in submarine telephonic signals and together they undertook an expedition to the coast of New England conducting experiments. They continued such expeditions for many years,
Caldwell graduated from the University of Kansas in 1892. He worked for some time as an engineer, on an electric railroad line
He invented numerous X-ray devices and held several patents. Shortly before his death he perfected 
a device for stereoscopic fluoroscopy especially adapted to war surgery. Caldwell was a Medical Reserve Major.
Caldwell was inducted into the Radiology Hall of Fame at the International Congress of Radiology at Munich in 1958 and is honored annually by the American Roentgen Ray Society with the Caldwell Memorial Lecture.
Caldwell was married to Elizabeth Ellen Perkins Caldwell (1888–1964).

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