- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Léon Dufourmentel

Born  1884
Died  1957

Related eponyms

    French surgeon, Born 1884; died July 29, 1957.

    Biography of Léon Dufourmentel

    In France, Leon Dufourmentel is remembered as the only surgeon practising plastic surgery after World War I. He was a specialist in maxillo-facial surgery and head of the department of reconstructive surgery.

    He was the son of a merchant. He interned at the Paris hospitals and later head of the clinic of the medical feculty in Paris. He was also head of a department of reconstructive surgery.

    During World War I he established a unit for maxillo-facial surgery. In 1918 he devised the graft technique named for him, Greffe Dufourmentel. He was the son-in-law of the anatomist Pierre Sebileau (1860-1953) and the father of the plastic surgeon Claude Dufourmentel (born 1915)

    Leon Dufourmentel said in 1948, "...If I went to Picasso for my portrait, he would probably make me a monster and I should be pleased because it would be worth a million francs. But if Picasso came to me with a facial injury and I made him into a monster, aha, he might not be so pleased."


    • La loi de Semon-Rosenbach dans les paralysies récurrentielles.
      Paris 1914. 114 pages.
    • La Chirurgie faciale aux Etats-Unis. 1926.
    • Chirurgie d'urgence des blessures de la face et du cou.
      With Flavien Bennet-Roy. 1918.
    • Diagnostic, traitement et expertises des séquelles des blessures et des accidents. 3, Diagnostic, traitement et expertise des séquelles des blessures et des accidents des régions maxillo-faciales.
      With Léon Frison. Paris : Librairie J.B. Baillière et Cie, 1922. 151 pages.

    • Le rictus - journal humoristique médical - N°04, septembre 1924. Biographie du docteur Leon Dufourmentel par Portmann, biographie du docteur Georges Portmann (de Bordeaux) par L. Dufourmentel. Georges Portman, 1890-1985.
    • Chirurgie de l'articulation temporo-maxillaire.
      Préface du professeur Pierre Sebileu.
      Paris : Masson, 1929. 228 pages.
    • Chirurgie réparatrice et correctrice des téguments et des formes.
      Paris : Masson et Cie, 1939. 407 pages. 2nd edition in 1950.
    • Introduction à la chirurgie constructive : Essai sur l'Art et la Chirurgie.
      Paris : La Jeune Parque, 1946
    • Les complexes esthétiques et la chirurgie. 1957.
    • [Death of Léon Dufourmentel, titular member (1884-1957).]
      [Article in French, no authors listed]
      Mémoires de l'Académie de chirurgie, Paris, October 7-November 30, 1957, 83 (25-26): 794-795.
    • A. Tallent:
      [Closure of a pharyngostoma with a bipedicled flap of scalp in the Leon Dufourmentel chin-strap.]
      Annales de chirurgie plastique, Paris, June 1963, 8: 123-127.

    What is an eponym?

    An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

    What is Whonamedit?

    Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


    Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
    This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.