Biography of Just-Marie-Marcellin Lucas-Championnière
Just-Marie-Marcellin Lucas-Championnière studied in Paris from 1860. He obtained his medical doctorate in 1870 and won his agrégé in 1874.
He was an ardent supporter of Joseph Lister (1827-1912) and worked with him in Glasgow before graduating. He subsequently introduced antiseptic surgery to France and wrote the first authoritative work on antiseptic surgery. He invented an atomizer which is still used for skin care. He was also a pupil of Pierre Paul Broca (1824-1880). He became Chirurgien des hôpitaux in 1874.
Lucas-Championnière did much for the development of surgical techniques, especially involving bone, and in 1887 published a classical monograph on treatment of hernias. In 1913 he performed the first valvotomy to relieve aortic stenosis.
Lucas-Championnière was editor-in-chief of the Journal de médecine et de chirurgie pratiques.
Besides medicine, he was also interested in anthropology and demonstrated that prehistoric flints could produce trephine holes in a skull in 30-50 minutes.
He was a member of the Académie de Medecine. A street in Paris bears his name.
We thank Michel Le Séac'h, and Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.