- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Norbert Ortner

Born  1865
Died  1935

Related eponyms

Austrian internist, born August 10, 1865, Linz; died 1935.

Biography of Norbert Ortner

Norbert Ortner studied at Vienna, where he received his doctorate in 1889. Following a period as assistant in the Kronprinz-Rudolf-Kinderspital under Gnändinger, he worked at the Rudolfstiftung, with the prosector, Anton Weichselbaum (1845-1920), and the internist Edmund von Neusser (1852-1912). He attracted Neusser’s attention with two monographs on congenital disease of the aorta and mixed infection in pulmonary tuberculosis. He became Neusser’s assistant in 1893 in his clinic in Vienna, and the same year accompanied Neusser to the clinic for internal medicine.

Ortner was habilitated in 1895. He became titular professor 1898 and in 1900 head physician at the Frans-Josef-Spital, from 1903 at the Allgemeines Krankenhaus. In 1907 he was called to Innsbruck as ordinarius. After four years in Innsbruck, he came to Vienna in 1911 to succeed Ernst Adolf Gustav Gottfried von Strümpell (1853-1925) as head of the most prestigious clinic in Vienna, also becoming became physician to the emperor Franz Josef (1830-1916) He retired in 1930 and remained in the capital for the rest of his life.

Apart from his studies on cardiac valvular disease, Ortner was best known for his book on pain and one on therapeutics of internal disease which was translated into many languages. He was a keen proponent of laboratory work and its application to bedside teaching and he said that the clinician’s motto should be “via the laboratory always to the clinic”, “übers laboratorium dauernd zur Klinik”.


  • Vorlesungen über spezielle Therapie innerer Krankheiten.
    Vienna and Leipzig, 1897; 6th edition, 1923, translated into English.
  • Die Influenza seit der letzten Epidemie.
    Deutsche Klinik, volume 2, Berlin and Vienna, 1902.
  • Die akuten Infektionskrankheiten im Greisenalter. In: Julius Schwalbe (1863-1930), Herausgeber: Lehrbuch der Greisenkrankheiten, Stuttgart, 1909.
  • Klinische Symptomatologie innerer Krankheiten.
    3 volumes, Berlin and Vienna, 1917. Volume 1, 3rd edition, 1926; volume 2, 2nd edition, 1926; 3rd volume, 2nd edition, 1927. Translated into English.
  • Differentialdiagnostik innerer Krankheiten. Berlin and Vienna, 1928.
  • Klinische Epikrisen. With Alfred Luger (1886-1938). Volume 1, Berlin, 1929.
  • Körperschmerzen und ihre Differentialdiagnostik. Berlin and Vienna, 1931.
  • Autobiography in: Louis Radcliffe Grote (1886-1960), Die Medizin der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen. Volume 4, page 227, Leipzig, 1925.
  • Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth:
    Dictionary of Medical Eponyms.
    The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989. New edition in 2002.
  • Isidor Fischer (1869-1943), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.