- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Viktor Ritter von Hacker

Born  1852
Died  1933

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Austrian surgeon, born October 21, 1852, Vienna; died 1933. His first name is also spelled Victor.

Biography of Viktor Ritter von Hacker

Viktor Ritter von Hacker studied in Vienna and received his medical degree there in 1878. He was an apprentice in surgery in Christian Albert Theodor Billroth’s (1829-1894) clinic and then worked thee for six years as an assistant. He then became primary surgeon to the Sophien-Spital. When Billroth performed his first resection of the pylorus followed by posterior gastrojejunostomy, Hacker assisted at the operation and later authored the first account of the procedure. In 1886 Hacker’s method of gastrostomy was presented in the periodical literature.

Hacker was habilitated for surgery in 1888, becoming professor extraordinary in 1895. In 1895 he was called to Innsbruck as ordinarius, and in 1903 to Graz, where he retired in 1923.


  • Anleitung zur amtiseptischen Wundbehandlung.
    Vienna, 1883; 3rd edition, 1890; translated into English.
  • Die Magenoperationen an Professor Billroths Klinik 1880 bis März 1885.
    Vienna, 1886.
  • Zur Casuistik und Statistik der Magenresectionen und Gastroenterostomien.
    Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie, Berlin, 1885, 14 (2): 62-71.
    Billroth left it to his assistant to publish the original description of Billroth II.
  • Ueber die Verwendung des Musculus rectus abdominis zum Verschlusse der künstlichen Magenfistel.
    Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1886, 36: 1073-1077, 1110-1114.
  • Über die nach Verätzungen enstehenden Speiseröhren-Verengerungen.
    Vienna, 1889.
  • Über Magenoperationen bei Carcinom und bei narbigen Stenosen. Vienna, 1895.
  • Angeborene Missbildungen, Verletzungen und Erkrankungen der Speiseröhre.
    With Georg Lotheissen (1868-1941).
    Handbuch der praktischen Chirurgie, volume 2, Stuttgart, 1905; 5th edition, 1924.
  • Festschrift für Victor R. Hacker.
    Beiträge zur klinischen Chirurgie, Tübingen, volume 81, 1912.
  • Festschrift für Victor Ritter von Hacker.
    Archiv für klinische Chirurgie, Berlin, volume 131, 1924.
  • Chirurgie der Speiseröhre. With Georg Lotheissen.
    Neue Deutsche Chirurgie, volume 34, Stuttgart, 1926. XII + 569 pages. Biographical:
  • Isidor Fischer (1869-1943), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • Ira M. Rutkow:
    Surgery – an Illustrated History. Mosby-Year Book, Inc. 1993.

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