Sauveur François Morand
Biography of Sauveur François Morand
Sauveur François Morand was the son of Jean Morand (1659-1726), chief surgeon at the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris, and the son-in-law of Georges Maréchal, First Surgeon to Louis XIV and then to Louis XV.
Morand learned surgery in Paris and in 1724 became demonstrator of surgery at Jardin du roi, in 1730 surgeon at the Charité, and soon thereafter surgeon to the chiefs of the French Guards.
Morand was a co-founder of the Académie de chirurgie and distinguished himself in his efforts to simplify surgery. He was a pioneer in urology and in 1729 was assigned by the Académie des sciences in Paris to visit William Cheselden (1688-1752) in London. He spent the spring of 1729 at the St. Thomas's Hospital in London and there learned Cheselden's new method for stone cut, the lateral perineal lithotomy, a method, in which the bladder is filled with water.
Morand described the dangers of the operation for stone in his time: of 812 patients who were operated upon in the Hôtel-Dieu at the Charité, 255 died. Of the 557 surviving patients many were released with a fistula.
He is said to have been the first to device the Trendelenburg position,
His son, Jean François-Clément (1726-1784) taught anatomy and obstetrics at the school of midwifery and was a member of the Academy of Sciences.
We thank Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.