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Albert Eulenburg

Born  1840
Died  1917

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German neurologist, born August 10, 1840, Berlin; died July 3, 1917.

Biography of Albert Eulenburg

Albert Eulenburg was the son of Moritz Michael Eulenburg (1811-1887), a prominent Jewish orthopaedist who had converted to Christianity in 1847. He completed his medical education at the universities of Berlin, Bern, and Zurich, receiving his doctorate on May 31, 1861. Among his teachers were several of the greatest names of his time: Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858), Ludwig Traube (1818-1876) and Albrecht von Graefe (1828-1870). He worked in the laboratory of Emil Heinrich du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and knew Robert Remak (1815-1865) and Wilhelm Griesinger (1817-1868).

Following habilitation, intrigues caused him to lose his position as an assistant. In stead, with Paul Guttmann (1834-1893), he established a private policlinic for internal diseases. He was Privatdozent in Berlin until 1873, when he moved to the chair of pharmacology at the University of Greifswald. In 1882 he renounced this position and returned to Berlin as Extraordinarius of neurology and established a policlinic for nervous diseases. Eulenburg was appointed extraordinarius in 1900.

Eulenburg’s publications in particular concern the physiological side of neurology. Among his investigations was work on the thermic (vasomotor) centres of the brain. He distinguished himself by the publication of Real-Encyclopädie der gesammten Heilkunde, which ha planned with the Vienna publishers Urban and Schwarzenberg. It was published 1880-1883. In 1895 he became editor of the Deutsche medicinische Wochenschrift.

During his later years Eulenburg made himself a name as a sexologist With Iwan Bloch he was co-editor of the journal Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft, established in 1908 by August Hirschfeld. This journal was continued in 1914 by Max Marcuse (1877-1963) under the title of Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft und Sexualpolitik. In 1913, Albert Eulenburg, Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) and Iwan Bloch (1872-1922) founded the Ärztliche Gesellschaft für Sexualwissenschaft und Eugenik, of which Eulenburg was the first chairman.


  • Lehrbuch der klinischen Untersuchungsmethoden und ihrer Anwendung auf die specielle ärztliche Diagnostik.
    A. Eulenburg, Wilhelm Kolle (1868-1935) and Wilhelm Weintraud (1866-1920), publishers.
    2 volumes, 707 + 1000 pages. Berlin/Wien, 1904-1905.
    Contains several treatises on methods of investigating the blood by Ernst Grawitz (1860-1911) and W. Kolle.
  • Die hypodermatische Injection der Arzneimittel.
    Prize-winning paper, Berlin, 1864.

  • Lehrbuch der functionellen Nervenkrankheiten auf Physiologischer Basis.
    Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1871. Page 712: Parry-Romberg syndrome.
  • Pathologie des Sympathicus.
    Prize-winning paper, with Paul Guttmann. Berlin, 1873.
  • Physiology and pathology of the sympathetic system of nerves.
    J. & A. Churchill, 1879.
  • Die hydroelektrischen Bäder. Vienna, 1883.
  • Handbuch der allgemeinen Therapie und der therapeutischen Methodik.
    With Simon Samuel (1833-1899). 3 volumes, Berlin/Vienna, 1898-1899.
  • Real-Encyclopädie der gesammten Heilkunde.
    Wien, Urban und Schwarzenberg, 1880-1883. 15 volumes.
    2nd edition, in 22 volumes, 1885-1890.
    3rd edition, in 26 volumes, Wien und Leipzig 1894-1901. By Albert Eulenburg and Michael Stolberg von Fischer.
    4th (and last) edition in 15 volumes, 1907-1914. By Albert Eulenberg and Theodor Brugsch (1878-1963).

  • Beitrag zu den Erkrankungen des Conus medullaris und der Clauda equina beim Weibe.
    Zeitschrift für klinische Medicin, Berlin, 1891, 18: 547-558.
  • Kugeln im Gehirn; ihre Auffindung und Ortsbestimmung mittels Röntgenstrahlen-Aufnahmen. Deutsche medicinische Wochenschrift, Leipzig, 1896, 22 (33), 523-538.
  • Der Marquis de Sade. Vortrag gehalten im Psychologischen Verein in Berlin.
    Dresden : H. R. Dorn, 1901. First published in the journal Zukunft on March 25, 1899.
  • Sadismus und Masochismus. Wiesbaden : Verlag von J. F. Bergmann, 1902.
    Grenzfragen des Nerven- und Seelenlebens, Heft 19, 1902.
    2nd and partly revised edition, Wiesbaden : Verlag von J. F. Bergmann, 1911.

  • Iwan Bloch:
    Albert Eulenburg. Zu seinem 50jährigen Docentenjubiläum am 11. November 1914. Medizinische Klinik, 1914, 10: 1677 ff.
  • Iwan Bloch:
    Zur Erinnerung an Albert Eulenburg. Medizinische Klinik, 1917, 13: 774-776.
  • August Hirsch, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    3rd edition, volume 2, München - Berlin, 1962: 446 ff.
  • Manfred Stürzbecher:
    Eulenburg, Albert. Beitrag in Neue Deutsche Biographie, Band 4, Berlin 1971: 683.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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