Albert Eulenburg

Born 1840
Died 1917

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German neurologist, born August 10, 1840, Berlin; died July 3, 1917.

Biography of Albert Eulenburg

Albert Eulenburg was the son of Moritz Michael Eulenburg (1811-1887), a prominent Jewish orthopaedist who had converted to Christianity in 1847. He completed his medical education at the universities of Berlin, Bern, and Zurich, receiving his doctorate on May 31, 1861. Among his teachers were several of the greatest names of his time: Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858), Ludwig Traube (1818-1876) and Albrecht von Graefe (1828-1870). He worked in the laboratory of Emil Heinrich du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and knew Robert Remak (1815-1865) and Wilhelm Griesinger (1817-1868).

Following habilitation, intrigues caused him to lose his position as an assistant. In stead, with Paul Guttmann (1834-1893), he established a private policlinic for internal diseases. He was Privatdozent in Berlin until 1873, when he moved to the chair of pharmacology at the University of Greifswald. In 1882 he renounced this position and returned to Berlin as Extraordinarius of neurology and established a policlinic for nervous diseases. Eulenburg was appointed extraordinarius in 1900.

Eulenburg’s publications in particular concern the physiological side of neurology. Among his investigations was work on the thermic (vasomotor) centres of the brain. He distinguished himself by the publication of Real-Encyclopädie der gesammten Heilkunde, which ha planned with the Vienna publishers Urban and Schwarzenberg. It was published 1880-1883. In 1895 he became editor of the Deutsche medicinische Wochenschrift.

During his later years Eulenburg made himself a name as a sexologist With Iwan Bloch he was co-editor of the journal Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft, established in 1908 by August Hirschfeld. This journal was continued in 1914 by Max Marcuse (1877-1963) under the title of Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft und Sexualpolitik. In 1913, Albert Eulenburg, Magnus Hirschfeld (1868-1935) and Iwan Bloch (1872-1922) founded the Ärztliche Gesellschaft für Sexualwissenschaft und Eugenik, of which Eulenburg was the first chairman.

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