- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Reginald Southey

Born  1835
Died  1899

Related eponyms

English physician, born 1835, 4 Harley Street, London; died November 8, 1899.

Biography of Reginald Southey

Reginald Southey was the fifth son of the physician Henry Herbert Southey (1783-1865) and his wife Clara, and nephew of the poet Robert Southey (1774-1843). He was christened on October 29, 1835, at All Souls, Saint Marylebone.

Southey went to school at Westminster and later attended Christchurch College, Oxford. He graduated B.A. in natural science with 1st class honours in 1855 and M.A. in 1857. He studied medicine at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, and graduated in 1858. In 1860 he won the Radcliffe Travelling Fellowship at the University of Oxford, visiting Berlin, Vienna, Madeira and South Africa

In 1864 he became physician to the City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest, Victoria Park, and that year also established a private practice in London. The next year he became an assistant physician at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital and physician in 1868. In 1868 he was also appointed lecturer in forensic medicine and hygiene. In 1866 he received his medical doctorate at Oxford and became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, being its Gulstonian lecturer in 1867.

On January 28, 1864, Southey marries Frances Marianne Thornton at Holy Trinity, Clapham, Surrey. She was the daughter of Reverend Charles Watson Thornton, prebend of Hereford.

Southey resigned in 1883 when he was appointed to the Lunacy Commission, serving in this position until ill health forced him to retire in 1898. He was a quiet, sympathetic man who was painstakingly diligent at the bedside. He had a keen interest in clocks and watches, which he collected and repaired.

Southey was the life-long friend of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (1832-1898), known as Lewis Carroll. Southey greatly encouraged Dodgson to take up photography; which he then pursued for 24 years, becoming the greatest Victorian photographic portraitist. In the spring of 1860, Dodgson painted his portrait.


  • The nature and affinities of tubercle.
    The Gulstonian lecture at the Royal College of Physicians, 1867.
    London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1867.
  • The normal and pathological anatomy of the kidney.
    Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports, London, 1865.
  • Lectures on individual hygiene. The Lancet, London, 1876.
  • Observations on acute rheumatism.
    Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Reports, London, 1878.
  • Traitement de l’anasarque générale par une drainage capillaire.
    Comptes Rendus de l’Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences. Session 6 (Le Havre, 1877). Paris, 1878: 856-860.
  • On the action of alcohol.
    In: James Hinton (1822-1875): Physiology for Practical Use. First American edition, New York, Appleton, 1874. (Uncertain reference).
  • Lumleian lectures on Bright’s disease. British Medical Journal, London, 1881. Biographical:
  • Julius Pagel, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon hervorragender Ärzte des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts.
    Urban & Schwarzenberg, Berlin and Vienna, 1901.
  • August Hirsch, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    Urban & Schwarzenberg. 2nd edition. Berlin, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth:
    Dictionary of Medical Eponyms.
    The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989. New edition in 2002.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.