- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Walther Kruse

Born  1864
Died  1943

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German bacteriologist, born September 8, 1864, Berlin; died 1943.

Biography of Walther Kruse

Walther Kruse studied in Berlin, in particular as a pupil of Rudolf Virchow (821-1902), and obtained his doctorate in 1888. From 1889 to 1892 was head of the bacteriological laboratory of the zoological station in Naples. Late in 1892 he participated in an expedition to Egypt to study dysentery. From 1893 he was assistant to Karl Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Flügge (1847-1923) at the hygienical institute in Breslau. He was habilitated for hygiene in Bonn in 1894.

Kruse in 1897 became titular professor, in 1898 extraordinarius of hygiene and head of the bacteriological department at the hygienical institute in Bonn. In 1900 he came to Königsberg as ordinarius, 1911 to Bonn, and in 1913 accepted an invitation to Leipzig.

Kruse’s work particulalrly concerns studies of protozoa and the bacteriology of intestinal infection. During an epidmic of dysentery in the Ruhr area he succeeded in finding the dysentery bacillus (Shiga-Kruse bacillus), descibed in Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1900; 26: 637.

During the years 1890 to 1892 Kruse published on blood parasites in frogs, birds, and man.


  • Untersuchungen über den Diplococcus pneumoniae und verwandte Streptokokken.
    With the Italian physician Sergio Pansini (1860-1918).
    Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1892, 11: 279-380.
  • Untersuchungen über Dysenterie und Leberabscess. With A. Pasquale. 1894.
  • Arbeiten des bakteriologischen Laboratroiums der zoologischen Station zu Neapel.
  • Experimentelle und kritische Beiträge zur hygienischen Beurteilung des Wassers.
  • Hygienische Bedeutung des Lichtes. 1895.
  • Statistische Arbeiten über Abnahme der Sterblichkeit in den Letzten Jahrzehnten.
  • Einfluss des städtischen Lebens auf die Volksgesundheit, Degeneration und Wehrfähigkeit. 1897-1898.
  • Beiträge zur praktischen Hygiene. 1898-1899.
  • Ueber die Ruhr als Volkskrankheit und ihren Erreger.
    Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 1900, 26: 637-639.
    Further work on dysenetry by Kruse led to the coupling of his name with Shiga to designate both the Shiga-Kruse bacillus" and"Shiga-Kruse disease.
  • Allgemeine Mikorbiologie. Leipzig, 1910.
  • Die Erreger von Husten und Schnopfen.
    Münchener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1914, 61: 1547.
    Kriuse reported that colds could be produced in volunteers by intranasal instillation og bacteria-free infiltrates of secretions from persons suffering from colds.
  • Die Gesundheitspflege des Kindes.
    Published with Paul Selter (1866-1941). Stuttgart, 1914.
  • Ruhrbazillen, Kolibazillen, Darmbakterien.
    In: Friedberger and Pfeiffer: Lehrbuch der Bakteriologie. Jena, 1919.
  • Einführung in die Bakteriologie. Berlin, 1920.
  • Sparsame Ernährung.
    With K. Hintze. In Schriften der Lingerstiftung, 1. Leipzig, 1922.
  • Die deutschen und ihre Nachbarvölker. Leipzig, 1929.

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