- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Carl-Olof Siggesson Nylén

Born 1892
Died 1978

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Swedish otologist, 1892-1978.

Biography of Carl-Olof Siggesson Nylén

Carl-Olof Nylén is reckoned as one of the founders of microsurgery. In 1921, in the university ear, nose, throat clinic in Stockholm, he built the first operational microscope, a modified monocular Brinell-Leitz microscope for intraoperative use in animals. In November 1921, Nylen used it for a microsurgical operation in a case of chronic otitis with labyrintic fistula. Nylen's microscope was soon replaced by a binocular microscope developed in 1922 by his colleague Gunnar Holmgren (1875-1954).

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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