- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Gustav Gärtner

Born  1855
Died  1937

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Austrian pathologist, born September 28, 1855, Pardubitz, Bohemia; died November 4, 1937.

Biography of Gustav Gärtner

Gustav Gärtner studied in Vienna and received his doctorate in 1879. He received his training in experimental pathology under Salomon Stricker (1834-1898) and in 1882 became Stricker's assistant. His scientific work in this period included studies of the splanchnic innervation of the kidney, kidney secretion, the electric resistance of the skin and innervation of the vessels of the brain. His research into nutrition produced important results. However, Gärtner distinguished himself particularly in his inventions of medical apparatuses, of which several are named for him.

In 1886 Gärtner became a Privatdozent in experimental pathology, in 1890 professor extraordinary, and in 1918 full professor in Vienna.

We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Germany, and Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.


  • Ueber die therapeutische Verwendung der Muskelarbeit und einen neuen Apparat zu ihrer Dosirung.
    Wien, Im Selbstverlag des Verfassers, 1887.
    Offprint from Allgemeine Wiener medizinische Zeitung, 1887.
  • Über den Hirnkreislauf. Vorläufige Mitteilung. 1887.
    By Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) and Gustav Gärtner
  • Ueber den elektrischen Widerstand des menschlichen Körpers gegenüber Inductions-strömen.
    Wien, A. Hölder, 1889. 529 pages.
  • Ueber einen neuen Blutdruckmesser (Tonometer).
    Vortrag, gehalten am 16. Juni 1899 in der k.k. Gesellschaft der Aerzte in Wien, von Gustav Gartner. Wien, M. Perles, 1899.
    Offprint from Wiener Medicinische Wochenschrift, 1899, 49, No. 30.
  • Ueber einen neuen Apparat zur Bestimmung des Hämoglobingehaltes im Blute.
    München, J. F. Lehmann, 1901. 14 pages.
    Offprint from Münchener medicinische Wochenschrift, 1901, No. 50.
  • Diätetische Entfettungskuren. Leipzig 1913. Translated into English.

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