- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jean-Henri-Adolphe d'Espine

Born  1846
Died  1930

Related eponyms

Swiss paediatrician, born February 20, 1846, Geneva; died 1930.

Biography of Jean-Henri-Adolphe d'Espine

Jean-Henri-Adolphe d'Espine received his doctorate in Paris in 1872. He returned to his native Geneva and soon became interested in paediatrics. In 1877, with his classmate Constant-E. Picot (1844-1931) he published a book entitled The Manual of Diseases in Childhood.

This was an immediate success and d’Espine in 1876 became professor of internal pathology at the University of Geneva. He held this tenure for some 40 years, training innumerable students. One of them, Pierre Gautier (born 1886), succeeded him to his position when he retired in 1921. He was a corresponding member of the Paris Académie de médecine, as well as the academies of Torino and St. Petersburg.

During the 1st World War, d’Espine played a leading role in the operations of the Red Cross and in particular he helped in campaigns to care for children and refugees and those who had been abandoned, or injured during World War I. He wrote numerous articles in the French, German and Swiss literature.


  • Contributions à l’étude de la septicémie puerpérale.
    Doctoral thesis. Paris, 1872.
  • Manuel pratique des maladies de l’enfance. With C. Picot. Paris, 1877; 2nd edition, 1880; German translation by S. Ehrenhaus, Leipzig, 1878.
    6th edition as: Traité pratique des maladies de l’enfance. 1899
  • Contribution à l’étude de la pneumonie infantile.
    Revue de médecine, Paris, volume 8, 1888.
  • Observation de cirrhose infantile. Association franç. Besançon, 1893.
  • Sur le streptococque scarlatineux.
    Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences, Paris,1895, volume 120.
  • Observations de cirrhose biliaire chez un nouveau-né.
    Bulletin de la Société anatomique de Paris, 1879.
  • Observations d’hypertrophie du cerveau avec sclérose bulbaire chez un enfant.
    Revue de médecine, Paris, volume 1, 1881.
  • Essai de cardiographie clinique pour servir à l’étude des modifications du premier bruit des chocs multiples. Revue de médecine, Paris, volume 2. 1882.
  • De l’importance de la recherche du bacille de Löffler pour le diagnostic entre les angines diphtériques et les angines simples. Revue de médecine, Paris, volume 8, 1888.
  • Vaccine généralisée à forme éruptive. With D. Sandin.
    Archiv für Kinderheilkunde, Stuttgart, volume 26, 1899.

  • August Hirsch, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    Urban & Schwarzenberg. 2nd edition. Berlin, 1929. First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.

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