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Hooshang Taybi

Born  1919

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Iranian-American paediatric radiologist, born October 22, 1919, Malayer, Iran.

Biography of Hooshang Taybi

Hooshang Taybi was born in 1919 in Malayer, Iran. He graduated from Tehran University School of Medicine in 1944. From 1945 to 1948, as an employee of the Ministry of Health, he practiced in Firoozkooh and Hamadan in Iran. In December 1948 he arrived in New York City as a student at New York University, from which he received a Master of Science degree in pediatrics in 1954. After having received eight and half years of training in general medicine (internship), paediatrics (New York University and Akron Children’s Hospital) and radiology (University of Cincinnati and Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn), he practiced and taught paediatric radiology at University of Oklahoma, Indiana University, and University of California San Francisco. He was the Director of the Department of Radiology at Children's Hospital Medical Center, Oakland, California for 20 years (1967-1987). In the last seven years of his professional life, he worked and taught at University of California San Francisco as Clinical Professor of Radiology.

Dr. Taybi and his associates have identified three new syndromes known in the medical literature as Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, otopalatodigital syndrome type I (synonym: Taybi syndrome), and osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism Taybi-Linder type (synonyms: cephaloskeletal dysplasia and Taybi-Linder syndrome). Three international meetings have been held on Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (1993, 1998 and 2003).

Hooshang Taybi is the author or co-author of over 50 scientific papers and has contributed several chapters to medical books. His major contribution has been Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders, and Skeletal Dysplasias, now in its 4th edition (Dr. Ralph Lachman co-author). Handbook of Syndromes and Metabolic Disorders by Dr. Taybi was published in 1998.

He received the Gold Medal of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. He was the President of the Society for Pediatric Radiology in 1973-1974. He was the co-founder of the Pacific Coast Pediatric Radiologists Association in 1968 which hold annual meetings in western United States and Canada. The medical staff of the Children's Hospital of Oakland established the annual "Hooshang Taybi Honorary Lectureship" in 1990. His biography has appeared in Who's Who in America (1980-1981) and The Man Behind the Syndrome (1986; P. Beighton and G. Beighton), and his name was listed in The Best Doctors in the U.S. (1979). Dr. Taybi is an honorary member of Society for Pediatric Radiology, European Society of Pediatric Radiology, Pacific Coast Pediatric Radiologists Association, Australasian Society for Paediatric Imaging and Iranian Genetic Society.

Fifty years after graduation from medical school, Dr. Taybi retired from practice of medicine in 1994. He now lives with his wife Alice Taybi in a retirement community in California and keeps busy with his hobbies which are jewellery, lapidary work, ceramics, fused glass art, sewing children's garments for charity organizations, and watercolour painting (flowers). Dr Taybi exhibited a collection of his art work at the “Art Show” at the annual meeting of the Society for Pediatric Radiology in 2004.

History and Radiologic Manifestations of Broad Thumb-Hallux (Rubinstein-Taybi) Syndrome.
By Hooshang Taybi, M.D., M.Sc. (Pediatrics)
Clinical Professor of Radiology (Retired), University of California, San Francisco
Honorary Member, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Children's Hospital Oakland, Oakland, California.

From "Proceedings for the 1998 International Family Conference on Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome".

"As a pediatrician and radiologist, I developed a special interest in syndromology before and after I started practicing and teaching at Oklahoma University in 1960. My interest in this area resulted in my participation in the description of three new syndromes: broad thumb-hallux syndrome or RTS, otopalatodigital syndrome and cephaloskeletal dysplasia.

During a visit to University of Oklahoma by Dr. Fredric Silverman, I presented the history and radiographs of a child with mental retardation, broad thumbs and toes, and unusual facial features. I was considering preparing a case report for publication. Dr. Silverman informed me that Dr. Rubinstein had observed similar findings in two patients and was looking for more cases. Following Dr. Silverman's return to Cincinnati, Dr. Rubinstein and I communicated and prepared our first paper that I presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Pediatric Radiology in 1962. It is interesting that more than 3 decades later, in two historical papers written by Professor N. Thorne Griscom of Harvard University (related to Centennial Discovery of X-Ray by Roentgen: 1895-1995) our presentation in 1962 was chosen among the four papers "that are still meaningful thirty years later". The summary of our presentation was published in one of Professor Griscom's papers."

The Singleton-Taybi Award is given in honor of Edward Singleton and Hooshang Taybi in recognition of their personal commitment to the educational goals of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. Initiated in 2006, the Award is presented annually to a senior member of the SPR whose professional lifetime dedication to the education of medical students, residents, fellows, and colleagues has brought honor to him/her and to the discipline of pediatric radiology.


  • H. Taybi and R. S. Lachman:
    Radiology of Syndromes, Metabolic Disorders and Skeletal Dysplasias.
    4th. edition in 1996; 1st edition in 1975.
  • H. Taybi:
    Radiology of Syndromes and Metabolic Disorders.
    Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, 1983.
  • H. Taybi:
    Handbook of Syndromes and Metabolic Disorders. Radiologic and Clinical Manifestations. 1998.
  • H. Taybi:
    The Past and The Present. An autobiography; limited printing, 2002.
  • N. Thorne Griscom:
    The foundation and early meetings of The Society for Pediatric Radiology.
    Pediatric Radiology, Berlin, New York, 1995, 25: 657.
  • N. Thorne Griscom:
    History of Pediatric Radiology in the United States and Canada: Images and Trends. RadioGraphics, 1995, 15: 1399-1422.
  • F. N. Silverman:
    1993 Gold Medalist: Hooshang Taybi, MD. Pediatric Radiology, 1995, 25: 159-160.

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