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Eduard Emmanuel Klein

Born  1844
Died  1925

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Hungarian histologist and bacteriologist, born October 31, 1844, Ersek, Hungary, now Osijek, Croatia; died 1925, Hove, England.

Biography of Eduard Emmanuel Klein

Edward Emanuel Klein was born to a Jewish family in Osijek, Croatia, then Ersek in Hungary. He studied in Vienna and subsequently concentrated on microscopical anatomy. In 1869 he travelled to London on an assignment for Salomon Stricker (1834-1898), whose "Handbuch der Lehre von den Geweben des Menschen und der Tiere" (Leipzig 1869-1872, London 1870-1873) was to be translated into English.

In 1871 he was invited to England and first worked in histology with John Scott Burdon-Sanderson (1828-1905). Later, however, he specialised in bacteriology and became an early and successful representative of this discipline in England. He became a teacher of histology, later also for bacteriology, at St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical School. In 1890 he established a private school in bacteriology - counting Ronal Ross (1857-1932) among his students. Klein proved the streptococcal aetiology of scarlatina.


  • The anatomy of the lymphatic system. London, 1873-1875.
  • Atlas of histology. With Eldred Noble Smith (1847-1906). London, 1879-1880.
  • Elements of histology. London, 1883.
  • Microorganisms and disease. London, 1884.
  • An inquiry into the etiology of Asiatic cholera. With Heneage Gibbes. London, 1885.
  • Report on a disease of cows prevailing at a farm from which scarlatina had been distribued along with the milk of cows.
    15th Annual Report of the Local Government Board containing Report of the Medical Officer for 1885. London, 1886: 90-110.
    Contains the first suggestion of the streptococcal origin of scarlet fever.
  • The bacteria in Asiatic cholera. London, 1889.
  • Studies in the bacteriology and etiology of oriental plague.
    London; New York : Macmillan, 1906.
  • John Scott Burdon-Sanderson, E. Klein, Michael Foster (1810-1880) and Thomas Lauder Brunton (1844-1916):
    Handbook for the Physiological Laboratory. London : J & A Churchill, 1873.

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