- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Karl Andreyevich Rauchfuss

Born  1835
Died  1915

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Russian internist, born November 27/December 9, 1835, St. Petersburg; died November 14, 1915, St. Petersburg. First name also written Carl. According to one source he died November 18.

Biography of Karl Andreyevich Rauchfuss

Karl Andreyevich Rauchfuss studied in St. Petersburg from 1852 to 1857. From 1859 he specialised in paediatrics, but changed to laryngology in 1860. From he was prosector and physician at the Findelhaus, a hospital and/or orphanage, and from 1869 director and physician-in-chief at the St. Petersburg children's hospital named for Prince Peter von Oldenburg. From 1875 he headed the paediatric clinic for the higher medical courses for women, and from 1876 he was imperial life paediatrician to the Russian court.

Collaborating with the architect Y. Kavos, Rauchfuss was in charge of the building and fitting up of the Prince Peter von Oldenburg children's hospital (1867 to 1869) and from 1875 to 1876 of the Wladimir children's hospital in Moscow. At both hospitals he maintained the principle of strict isolation of contagious diseases, both at the children's hospital and the polyclinic.

Rauchfuss was the founder of the Society of Paediatricians in St. Petersburg and the all Russian welfare committee for mother and child. In 1905 he became an honorary member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinderheilkunde und Jugendmedizin. His name is now associated with a children's hospital on Ligowski Prospekt 8 in St. Petersburg, the former Prince Peter von Oldenburg children's hospital.


  • Über die angeborenen Verschliessungen des Aortenostinums.
    1868. Monograph in Russian.
  • Kinderheilanstalten. In Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt (1833-1902): Handbuch der Kinderkrankheiten. 6 volumes in 16. Published by C. Gerhardt. Tübingen, H. Laupp, 1877-1893. Volume 2, part 2. Treatise.
  • Krankheiten des Kehlkopfes und der Luftröhre der Kinder.
    Or: Die Kehlkopfkrankheiten der Kinder.
    In Gerhardt's Handbuch der Kinderkrankheiten, volume 3, part 2.
  • Die angeborenen Entwicklungsfehler und die Fötalkrankheiten des Herzens.
    Gerhardts Handbuch der Kinderkrankheiten, 1877-78, volume 4, part 1.
  • Über Thrombose des Ductus Botalli.
  • Thrombose und Embolie der Lungenarterien im Säuglingsalter.
  • Angeborene Aortenstenose. [Virchow’s] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1859, 1860.
  • Über Laryngochirurgie. St. Petersburger medicinische Zeitschrift, 1861.
  • Über Gelenkentzündung im Säglingsalter.
    St. Petersburger medicinische Zeitschrift, 1863.
  • Thyreotomie wegen Larynxtumor.
    St. Petersburger medicinische Zeitschrift, 1864.
  • Über angeborne Herzfehler. St. Petersburger medicinische Zeitschrift, 1864, 75.
  • Über Croup. Jahrbuch für Kinderheilkunde und physische Erziehung, 1885.
  • Johannes Oehme:
    Deutsch-russische Beziehungen in der Kinderheilkunde unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Carl Rauchfuss (1835-1915).
    In: Ingrid Kästner and I. Pfrepper, publishers: Naturforschung, Experiment und Klinik. Deutsch-russische Beziehungen in der naturwissenschaftlichen Medizin des 19.Jahrhunderts. Aachen: Shaker, 2002. Pp. 211-218. This is volume 6 of: Schriftenreihe Deutsch-russische Beziehungen in Medizin und Naturwissenschaft, published by Dietrich von Engelhardt and Ingrid Kästner.

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