- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Pierre-Hubert Nysten

Born  1771
Died  1818

Related eponyms

    French paediatrician, born October 30, 1771, Liège, Belgium; died March 3, 1818, Paris.

    Biography of Pierre-Hubert Nysten

    Pierre-Hubert Nysten studied the physical and medical sciences in Paris. In 1798, through concours, he became an anatomical assistant as well as preparator in chemistry, receiving the title of professor at the École de Médecine.

    In 1802 he obtained his medical doctorate, and that year he published the result of galvanic experiments on the irritability of the ”muscular organs in man and red-blooded animals.” Still in 1802, Nysten participated in the commission investigating yellow fever in Spain, and in 1805 he was assigned to southern France to investigate the causes of a disease of silkworms prevailing there. Upon his return he received a position at Hospice des enfants in Paris.

    Nysten was a member of the Institut de France, and shortly before his premature death at the age of 47, he obtained the position of Médecin-chef at the children’s hospital.


    • Nouvelles expériences galvaniques, faites sur les organes musculaires de l’homme et des animaux à sang rouge etc.
      Paris and Strasbourg, Levraux frères, 1803.
      Journal de physique, de chimie, d'histoire naturelle et des arts, 1802, frimaire an X1, 55: 465-468.
    • Dictionnaire de Médecine et des Sciences accessoires de l'Art. 1805.
      With Joseph Capuron (1767-1850), who was probably the main author.
    • Recherches sur les maladies des vers à soie et les moyens de les prévenir etc.
      Paris, 1808.
    • Le Dictionnaire des Sciences médicales. 1811. With Hallé.
    • Recherches de physiologie et de chimie pathologique etc. Paris, 1911.
    • Nouveau dictionnaire de médecine, de chirurgie, de pharmacie, des sciences accessoires et de l'art vétérinaire.
      First published in 1806 by Joseph Capuron (1767-1850). 2nd edition published by Capuron and Nysten in 1810. In 1814 Nysten alone published a revised edition. The work was successively updated in the editions of 1824, 1833, 1835, 1839, 1841, and 1845. In 1855 MM littre and C. Robin published a completely revised edition - the tenth. The twelth and last editin was published in 1865. Tturkish edition:
    • Lugat-i Tibbyie. Dictionnaire des Sciences Médicales Français-Turc. Istanbul, 1873.

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