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Arthur Purdy Stout

Born  1885
Died  1967

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American surgical pathologist, born November 30, 1885, New York City; died December 21, 1967.

Biography of Arthur Purdy Stout

Arthur Purdy Stout was the fourth son of Joseph S. Stout and his wife, Julia Frances (Purdy) Stout. He was educated at the Pomfret School and at Yale, where he received his A.B. in 1907. After a year spent travelling in Asia, he entered the College of Physicians & Surgeons of Columbia University (P&S) and received his M.D. in 1912.

Stout served a surgical internship at Roosevelt Hospital and then returned to P&S in 1914 as an Instructor in Surgery. He served in the U.S. armed forces in France during World War I after which he resumed his position at Columbia. He became an Assistant Professor of Surgery in 1921, an Associate Professor in 1928 and a full Professor in 1947. From 1950, he was concurrently Professor of Pathology.

Stout was one of the most prominent pathologists of his era, with a special expertise in tumour pathology. During his tenure as director (1928-1951), the Laboratory of Surgical Pathology at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center gained an international reputation and trained many future leaders in the field. His colleagues included such prominent figures as Virginia Kneeland Frantz, Cushman Haagensen, Margaret Murray and Raffaele Lattes, who succeeded Stout as director.

Stout was the author of over 300 scientific articles and the monograph, Human Cancer (1932). He also wrote four fascicles of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology's Atlas of Tumor Pathology. He belonged to 16 professional societies and was the recipient of numerous awards. In 1947, an organization of surgical pathologists was named the Arthur Purdy Stout Club in his honour. The name was changed in 1956 to the Arthur Purdy Stout Society of Surgical Pathologists, now with more than 400 members.

Upon retirement in 1951, Stout became director of pathology and Attending Pathologist at Francis Delafield Hospital, a municipal cancer hospital whose professional staff was appointed by Columbia University. He retired from Delafield in 1954, but remained a Professor Emeritus of Surgery at Columbia and a Consulting Pathologist at both Delafield and Presbyterian Hospitals until his death on Dec. 21, 1967.

From the website of the Health Sciences Library. Columbia University.
We thank Andre Trombeta for information submitted.


  • Louis Carp and A. P. Stout:
    Branchial anomalies and neoplasms. A report of thirty-two cases with follow-up results.
    Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, February 1928, 87 (2): 187-209.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Human Cancer. 1932
  • A. P. Stout:
    Graduate teaching of surgical pathology.
    Annals of Surgery, August 1940, 112 (2): 284-286
  • Margaret R. Murray, A. P. Stout, and Cloyce F. Bradley:
    Schwann cell versus fibroblast as the origin of the specific nerve sheath tumor. Observations upon normal nerve sheaths and neurilemomas in vitro.
    *Read before the American Association of Neuropathologists, Atlantic City, N. J., June 5, 1939, and at the Third International Cancer Congress, Atlantic City, N. J., September 14, 1939."
    The American Journal of Pathology, Philadelphia, January 1940, 16 (1): 41-60.
  • A. P. Stout and Margaret R. Murray:
    Hemangiopericytoma. A vascular tumor featuring zimmermann's pericytes.
    Annals of Surgery, July 1942, 116 (1): 26-33.
  • Margaret R. Murray and A. P. Stout:
    The glomus tumor. Investigation of its distribution and behavior, and the identity of its “epithelioid“ cell.
    The American Journal of Pathology, March 1942, 18 (2): 183-203.
  • Margaret R. Murray and A. P. Stout:
    Demonstration of the Formation of Reticulin by Schwannian Tumor Cells in Vitro.
    The American Journal of Pathology, July 1942, 18(4): 585-593.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Carcinoid Tumors of the Rectum Derived from Erspamer's Pre-enterochrome Cells.
    The American Journal of Pathology, November 1942, 18 (6): 993-1009.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Hemangio-endothelioma: a tumor of blood vessels featuring vascular endothelial cells. Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, September 1943, 118 (3): 445-464.
  • Margaret R. Murray and A. P. Stout:
    Characteristics of a Liposarcoma Grown in Vitro.
    The American Journal of Pathology, September 1943, 19 (5): 751-763
  • A. P. Stout:
    Liposarcoma—the Malignant Tumor of Lipoblasts.
    Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, January 1944, 119 (1): 86-107.
  • Margaret R. Murray and A. P. Stout:
    Cultural Characteristics of a Hemangioendothelioma.
    The American Journal of Pathology, March 1944, 20(2): 277-289.
  • Cushman D. Haagensen and Arthur Purdy Stout:
    Synovial Sarcoma.
    Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, December 1944, 120 (6): 826-842.
  • Margaret R. Murray, Arthur Purdy Stout, and I. A. Pogogeff:
    Synovial Sarcoma and Normal Synovial Tissue Cultivated in Vitro.
    Annals of Surgery, December 1944, 120 (6): 843-851.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Skeletal Muscles.
    Annals of Surgery, March 1946, 123 (3): 447-472.
  • C. D. Haagensen and A. P. Stout:
    Granular Cell Myoblastoma of the Mammary Gland.
    Annals of Surgery, August 1946, 124 (2): 218-227.
  • Margaret R. Murray and A. P. Stout:
    Distinctive Characteristics of the Sympathicoblastoma Cultivated in Vitro. A Method for Prompt Diagnosis.
    The American Journal of Pathology, Philadelphia, May 1947, 23 (3): 429-441.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Mesenchymoma, the Mixed Tumor of Mesenchymal Derivatives.
    Annals of Surgery, February 1948, 127 (2): 278-290.
  • C. D. Haagensen, A. P. Stout, and Jim S. Phillips:
    The Papillary Neoplasms of the Breast. I. Benign Intraductal Papilloma.
    Annals of Surgery, January 1951, 133 (1): 18-36.
  • A. P. Stout and George M. Himadi:
    Solitary (Localized) Mesothelioma of the Pleura.
    Annals of Surgery, January 1951, 133 (1): 50-64.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Tumors of the soft tissues. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1953.
  • A. P. Stout:
    Recent Observations on Mesenchymal Tumours in Adults and Children.
    The Canadian Medical Association Journal, March 2, 1963, 88 (9): 453-456. Biographical etc.
  • V. K. Frantz:
    Arthur Purdy Stout; a biographical sketch.
    Cancer, New York, July 1951, 4 (4): 659-662.
  • [In memory of Arthur Purdy Stout]. Cancro, 1967, 20 (6): 846-847. Italian.
  • R. Lattes:
    Arthur Purdy Stout, M.D. 1885-1967.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Chicago, August 1968, 50 (2): 251-252.
  • In memoriam: Arthur Purdy Stout. Radiology, August 1968, 91 (2): 394.
  • Henry A. Azar:
    Arthur Purdy Stout (1885-1967). The man and the surgical pathologist.
    The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, New York, April 1984, 8 (4): 301-317.
  • R. Lattes:
    Arthur Purdy Stout and his times. With a history of the Laboratory of Surgical Pathology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University.
    The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 1986 (10) Supplement 1: 4-13.
  • J. M. Woodruff:
    Arthur Purdy Stout and the evolution of modern concepts regarding peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
    The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 1986 (10) Supplement 1: 63-67.
  • P. P. Rosen:
    Arthur Purdy Stout and papilloma of the breast. Comments on the occasion of his 100th birthday.
    The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 1986 (10) Supplement 1: 100-107.
  • Dr. Arthur Purdy Stout's bibliography, 1951-1964. No author listed.
    The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 1986 (10) Supplement 1: 108-111.
  • J. A. del Regato:
    Arthur Purdy Stout. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, Tarrytown NY, March 1989, 16 (3): 799-812.
  • H. A. Azar:
    Arthur Purdy Stout (1885-1967), a pioneer of surgical pathology: a survey of his Notes on the Education of an "Oncological" Surgical Pathologist.
    Annals of diagnostic pathology, Philadelphia, August 1998, 2 (4): 271-279.

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