- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Carl Anton Ewald

Born 1845
Died 1915

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German internist, born October 30, 1845, Berlin; died 1915, Berlin.

Biography of Carl Anton Ewald

Carl Anton Ewald is remembered for his studies of gastric juices, and for introducing flexible rubber tubes for absorbing stomach content. He introduced “his” test meal, a breakfast, in 1885. He is also remembered for utilizing incubation for exploring the contents of the stomach.

Ewald studied in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Bonn. He obtained his medical doctorate in Berlin in 1870, and in 1871 he became assistant to Friedrich Theodor Frerichs (1819-1885). He was habilitated for internal medicine in 1874, and then became chief physician at the city Frauen-Siechen-Anstalt. In 1888, succeeding Hermann Senator (1834-1911), he became chief physician at the department of internal medicine at the Kaiserin Augusta Hospital. Here he had an extensive practice as physician, teacher, and scientist. One of the pioneers in gastroenterology, Ewald made the Augusta-Hospital a centre for the pathology of digestion.

Ewald became extraordinary professor in 1883, and in 1909 became ordinary honorary professor. He died in Berlin in 1915. His work concerns a wide scope of themes. He was for many years the editor of the Berlin klinische Wochenschrift, as well as librarian to the Berlin medical society.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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