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Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin

Born 1790
Died 1847

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French gynecologist and surgeon, born April 2, 1790, St. Paul, Loire; died May 13, 1847.

Biography of Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin

Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin began his surgical education i Lyon under Viricel (no information available), then went to Paris where he became an assistant to Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835), and obtained his medical degree in 1813. Following his promotion he was a short time active as an army surgeon - Médecin-adjoint, but in 1814 left the army, and from then on chiefly concerned himself with the improvement of surgical methods.

In 1826 two years after he had been habilitated he got his own department at L'Hôpital de la Pitié in Paris', and soon commenced teaching clinical medicine.

Lisfranc devised many new operations including removal of the rectum, lithotomy in women, and amputation of the cervix uteri. He concerned himself with operational treatments of fractures, surprisingly trying to use the stethoscope for diagnostical purposes. In 1815, with Champesme (no information available), he described a method for the exarticulation at the shoulder joint.

Despite his recognition as a teacher and surgeon he was not a popular person, his bellicose manners making any close friendships between him and his colleagues impossible.

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