Franz Ernst Christian Neumann
- Charcot-Neumann Crystals (Franz Ernst Christian Neumann)
- Neumann's cells (Franz Ernst Christian Neumann)
- Neumann's syndrome (Franz Ernst Christian Neumann)
Biography of Franz Ernst Christian Neumann
Franz Ernst Christian Neumann was the grandson of K. G. Hagen Professor of mathematics, physics, chemestry and pharmacy, and as son of Franz Ernst Neumann (1798-1895), a pioneer in the mathematical physics. He enrolled at the Albertina Universität Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1850, and received his doctorate in 1855. One of Neumann's teachers was the physician, physicist, and philosopher Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821-1894), who was professor at Königsberg from 1848 to 1855, and influenced Neumann towards pathology.
He subsequently sundertook postgraduate studies in Prague, in Berlin under Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902), and then internal medicine in Königsberg. In 1866 he was appointed professor and chief of the newly established Institute og Pathology at Königsberg. He later was made Geheimer Medicinalrath – privy medical councellsor, and received honorary doctorate from the universities of Tübingen and Geneva, in 11898 and 1915, respectively.
Neumann was married to Anna Koenig. They had six children, of whom only three survived to adulthood. She died in 1903.