- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Manfred Martin Mayer

Born  1916
Died  1984

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German-American serologist, born June 15, 1916, Frankfurt-am-Main; died September 18, 1984, Baltimore, Maryland.

Biography of Manfred Martin Mayer

Manfred Martin Mayer received his primary and secondary schooling in Germany, but was forced to leave the country in 1933, when the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – the Nazis – came to power in 1933. He was then seventeen years old.

He received his B.S. from the City College of New York in 1938 and his Ph.D. degree in 1946. That year he was offered a position as assistant professor at the Department og Bacteriology, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, becoming associate professor in 1948. In 1960 he was appointed full professor of Microbiology, Department of Microbiology, Johns Hopkins University of Medicine.

He received many honours and in 1979 he was elected to the national Academy of Sciences.

Mayer is regarded a founder of the science of complement.


  • R. A. Nelson and M. M. Mayer:
    Immobilization of Treponema pallidum in vitro by antibody produced in syphilitic infection. Journal of Experimental Medicine, New York, 1949, 89: 369-393.
  • M. M. Mayer and Lawrence Levine (1924–):
    Kinetic studies on immune hemolysis. III-IV.
    The Journal of Immunology, Baltimore, 1954, 72: 511-530.
    Complement fixation.

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