James Douglas

Born 1675
Died 1742

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Scottish physician and anatomist, born 1675, died April 1, 1742, London.

Biography of James Douglas

James Douglas was the brother of John Douglas (died 1759), a well-known lithotomist. He achieved a great reputation both as a learned and a physician, and as life physician to the Queen of England. He obtained his medical doctorate at Reims and in 1700 returned to London. He became a well known anatomist and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1706, FCP in 1721. He practised midwifery and was life physician to Queen Caroline of England. He did public dissections at his home and died in London.

James Douglas was a friend of William Hunter (1718-1783) whom he met when Hunter came to London in 1740. Douglas at once recognized that Hunter was an acute and talented observer. At the time, Douglas was intent on a great anatomical work on the bones, and made Hunter his assistant. Hunter became a member of the Douglas household, and continued to do so after the death of Douglas in 1742. Douglas left a widow and two children.

We thank K. R. Hunter for information submitted.

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