- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Martin Kirschner

Born  1879
Died  1942

Related eponyms

German surgeon, born October 28, 1879, Breslau; died 1942.

Biography of Martin Kirschner

Martin Kirschner attended the universities of Freiburg, Strassburg, Zurich and Munich. Following his promotion in Strassburg in 1904 he went to Berlin for postgraduate studies under Rudolf von Renvers (1854-1909). 1908-1910 he was at the university surgical clinic in Greifswald under Erwin Payr (1871-1947), then went to Königsberg to work with Payr and Paul Leopold Friedrich (1864-1916). He was appointed professor of surgery at Königsberg in 1916, and in 1927 accepted an invitation to move to the same chair in Tübingen.

On March 18, 1924, Kirschner performed the first successfull pulmonary artery embolectomy - Trendelenburg’s operation. He developed a new method for the making an artificial oesophagus and a method for the opening of the knee joint.

We thank Martin H. Kirschner for information submitted.


  • Die Chirurgie. Eine zusammenfassende Darstellung der allgemeinen und der speziellen Chirurgie.
    Published by Martin Kirschner and Otto Nordmann (1878-1946).
    Berlin, Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1926-1930.
  • Ein durch die Trendelenburgsche Operation geheilter Fall von Embolie der Art. pulmonalis.
    Archiv für klinische Chirurgie, Berlin, 1924, 133: 312-359.
    First successful surgical treatment of pulmonary embolism, a procedure suggested by Trendelenburg in 1908.
  • Eine psychschonende und steuerbare Form der Allgemeinbetäubung.
    Der Chirurg, 1929, 1: 673-682. Intravenous use of "avertin".
  • Zur 100jährigen Geschichte der chirurgischen Universitätsklinik zu Königsberg.
    Berlin, 1922.
  • Allgemeine und spezielle chirurgische Operationslehre.
    Published by Martin Kirschner and Alfred Schubert (born 1896).
    4 volumes. Berlin, J. Springer, 1927-1932.
    2nd edition, published by Nicolai Guleke (1878-1958) and Rudolf Zenker (1903-1984), Berlin, 1951-1958.
    3rd and completely revised edition was published by R. Zenker: Heidelberg : Springer, 1995.
  • Zur Praxis der Begutachtung. Berlin, 1931.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, and Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.

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