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Mathias-Marie Duval

Born  1844
Died  1907

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French physician, born February 7, 1844, Grasse; died February 28, 1907, Paris 9e.

Biography of Mathias-Marie Duval

Mathias-Marie Duval was the son of the botanist Joseph Duval Jouve (1810-1883) and Marie Marguerite Jouve. He studied in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1869. He then became prosector in Strassburg, and in 1873 agrégé. He subsequently became director of the anthropological laboratory at the École des hautes Etudes, professor of anatomy at the École supérieure des beaux-Arts, and in 1885 succeeded Robin as professor of histology at the medical faculty. He was a member of the Academia de médecine from 1892.

In 1874 he married Marie Anna Lucy Chocardelle (1844-), widow of Eugène Léopold Normidas Desforges (-1871).

    ”Mathias Duval (1844–1907) was one of the pioneers in elucidating the intricate placental histology of different mammalian groups, notably the rodents. Using a well-dated series of mouse conceptuses, he described in detail the successive steps in placental development, and for confirmation he included observations on a (undated) collection of rat specimens. Not only was he able to identify correctly the different extra-embryonic cell layers, but he was also the first to recognize trophoblast invasion in rodents.”
    Robert Pijnenborg and Lisbeth Vercruysse.

We thank Andrey Azov, and Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.


  • Sur la structure et usages de la rétine. Thesis for agrégé, 1873
  • Manuel du microscopie. 1873; 2nd edition, 1877.
  • Cours d'anatomie. 1873.
  • Précis de technique microscopique et histologique, ou introduction pratique à l’anatomie générale.
    With an introduction by Charles-Philippe Robin (1821-1885).
    Paris, J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1878. 315 pages.
  • Technique d'emploi du collodium humide pour la pratique des coupes microscopiques.
    Journal de l'anatomie et de la physiologie normales et pathologiques de l'homme et des animaux, Paris, 1879, 15: 185-188. Introduction of collodion for embedding.
  • De la spermatogènese. Séance du 5 novembre 1880.
  • Précis de l'anatomie à l'usage des artistes. 1881.
  • Leçons sur la physiologie du système nerveux. 1883.
  • Le Darwinisme. Paris, 1886.
  • Le placenta des rongeurs. Paris, Felix Alcan, 1892.
    Journal de l'anatomie et de la physiologie normales et pathologiques de l'homme et des animaux, Paris, 1891, 27: 24-73, 344-395, 513-612.
  • Anatomie et physiologie animales : ouvrage rédigé conformément aux programmes officiels du 28 janvier 1890 pour la classe de philosophie et à ceux du 15 juin 1891 pour l'enseignement secondaire moderne.
    Paul Constantin and Mathias Duval. Paris : Baillière, 1892
  • Précis d'histologie. Paris, 1897, 1900.
  • Histoire d'anatomie plastique: les maîtres, les livres et les échorchès.
    With Edouard Coyer (born 1852). Paris : Picard & Kann, 1898. XIII + 351 pqages.
  • Anatole Félix Le Double
    Rabelais, anatomiste et physiologiste. With an introduction by Mathias Duval.
    Paris : Leroux, 1899. XIV + 440 pages. Biographical etc.
  • Françoise Huguet:
    Les professeurs de la Faculté de médecine de Paris : dictionnaire biographique, 1794-1939. Paris 1991: 176-177.
  • R. Pijnenborg, L. Vercruysse:
    Mathias Duval on placental development in mice and rats.
    Placenta, 2006, 27 (2-3): 109-118.

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