- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Mathias-Marie Duval

Born 1844
Died 1907

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French physician, born February 7, 1844, Grasse; died February 28, 1907, Paris 9e.

Biography of Mathias-Marie Duval

Mathias-Marie Duval was the son of the botanist Joseph Duval Jouve (1810-1883) and Marie Marguerite Jouve. He studied in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1869. He then became prosector in Strassburg, and in 1873 agrégé. He subsequently became director of the anthropological laboratory at the École des hautes Etudes, professor of anatomy at the École supérieure des beaux-Arts, and in 1885 succeeded Robin as professor of histology at the medical faculty. He was a member of the Academia de médecine from 1892.

In 1874 he married Marie Anna Lucy Chocardelle (1844-), widow of Eugène Léopold Normidas Desforges (-1871).

    ”Mathias Duval (1844–1907) was one of the pioneers in elucidating the intricate placental histology of different mammalian groups, notably the rodents. Using a well-dated series of mouse conceptuses, he described in detail the successive steps in placental development, and for confirmation he included observations on a (undated) collection of rat specimens. Not only was he able to identify correctly the different extra-embryonic cell layers, but he was also the first to recognize trophoblast invasion in rodents.”
    Robert Pijnenborg and Lisbeth Vercruysse.

We thank Andrey Azov, and Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.

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