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Roland Martin

Born  1726
Died  1788

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    Swedish physician, born 1726, Uppsala; died 1788.

    Biography of Roland Martin

    Roland Martin was the son of Peter Martin (1687-1727), teacher at the University of Uppsala. He studied medicine in Uppsala under Linné and Rosenstein and obtained his medical doctorate on March 8, 1751. He subsequently settled in Halmstad, working partly at Sätra Brunn and partly as a provincial physician in Halland. In 1754 he went to Paris for further studies in anatomy. He served as a prosector under Antoine Petit (1722-1794) and became 1st president of the Société d'émulation.

    Upon his return to Sweden he became professor of anatomy in Stockholm in 1756. In 1766 he was also appointed assessor at the Collegium medicum, a position that included work as a forensic expert. In 1777 he received a gold medal from the Swedish Academy of Sciences (Kongliga Vetenskaps Academien). He retired in 1779.


    • Plantae Martino-Burserianae explicate.
      Uppsala, 1745. A continuation of his father's work.
    • De variolis praecavendis. Uppsala, 1751.
    • Om åtskilliga sätt attlära och uppodla anatomien. Stockholm, 1759.
    • Om nervernas allmänna egenskaper i menniskans kropp jemte nervernas särskilda anatomiska beskrifning.
      Stockholm, 1763. Latin, Leipzig, 1781.
      "On the general properties of the nerves in the human body and a particular anatomical description of the nerves."
    • Skriftväxling om starren på ögonen och om alla möjliga sätt att operera densamma. Stockholm, 1766.
    • Afhandling om bensjukdomar. Stockholm, 1782.
    • Om medfödda taskbråck. Nova Acta litter Soc Scient Upsaliensis, III.
    • Bevis, att förlusten af ett eller annat. mënniskans utvärtes sinne kan ersättas genom större fullkomlighet af ett annat.
      Svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar, 1777. During the years 1758 to 1778 he published several surgical and pathological-anatomical reports in Svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar, besides authoring a number of popular essays.

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