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Max Askanazy

Born  1865
Died  1940

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German pathologist, born February 24,1865, Stallupönen, Ostpreussen, now Nesterov, Russia; died October 10, 1940, Genève, Switzerland.

Biography of Max Askanazy

Max Askanazy attended the University of Königsberg where he received his medical doctorate in 1890. He subsequently worked in the pathological institute until 1895. In 1894 he was habilitated for general pathology, pathological mycology and pathological anatomy, becoming titular professor in 1903. In 1905 he accepted an invitation to become professor of general pathology in Geneva, succeeding Friedrich Wilhelm Zahn (1845-1904). He held this tenure until 1939 and became a citizen of honour of Geneva in 1935.

Askanazy's work in particular concerns blood formation, animal parasites, the pathology of bones. and experimental and spontaneous formation of tumours in man.

In 1928 he founded the Société internationale de pathologie géographique- The International Society for geographical Pathology. His bibliography lists about 170 items.


  • Pathologisch-anatomische Beiträge zur Kenntniss des morbus basedowii, insbesondere über die dabei auftretende. Muskelerkrankkungz.
    Deutsches Archiv für klinische Medicin, Leipzig, 1898, 61:118-186.
  • Ueber Ostitis deformans ohne osteoides Gewebe.
    Arbeiten aus dem pathologisch-anatomischen Institut zu Tübingen, 1904, 4. 398-422
    Askanazy was the first to associate osteitis fibrosa cystica with parathyroid tumours.
  • Die Dermoidzysten des Eierstocks. In Bibl. Med, C, 19, Stuttgart 1905.
  • Knochenmark.
    In: Friedrich Henke, Otto Lubarsch, publishers: Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie. Volume 1, 2. Berlin, 1927 (12 volumes. Berlin, J. Springer, 1924-1952).
  • Die Entzündung.
    In: Albrecht Bethe (1872-1954) et al: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie, volume 13. Berlin, 1929 (18 volumes. Berlin, J. Springer, 1925-1932).
  • E. Rutishauser:
    Max Askanazy. Annu. médical suisse, 1941, XIX-XXVI
    Hist. de l'Université de Genève, 4, annexes, 1959, 237-239.

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