Biography of Jósef Brudziñski
Jósef Brudziñski studied in Dorpat and Moscow, graduating as a physician in the latter city in 1897. He turned to paediatrics and received his first training in this discipline with Mathias Leon Jakubowski (1838-) in Kraków, later worked with Theodor Escherich (1857-1911) in Graz, with Jacques-Joseph Grancher (1843-1907), Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan (1858-1942), Victor Henri Hutinel (1849-1933) in Paris, and with Anders in Warsaw. In 1903 he was called to the Anne-Marie children’s hospital in Lodz, an institution he made into a model hospital. In 1910 he changed to Warsaw where, with the philantropher Sophie Szlenker, he designed a children’s hospital according to his own plans. Following the German occupation of Poland he was politically active, working for a reestablishment of a Polish university in Warsaw - of which he was rector at its opening in 1915.
Brudziñski’s most important works concern the bacterial flora of the intestines, reflexes, the prophylaxis of infectious diseases and the hospital system for children. Several reflexes observed with meningitis still bear his name.
In 1908 he established the first Polish journal of paediatrics, Przeglad Pedyatryczny.
We thank Jacek Kociñski for information submitted.