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Johann Christian Rosenmüller

Born  1771
Died  1820

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German anatomist og surgeon, born May 25, 1771; died February 28, 1820.

Biography of Johann Christian Rosenmüller

Johann Christian Rosenmüller entered the University of Leipzig in 1786, receiving the degree of Magister in 1792. He subsequently studied in Erlangen and in 1794 was appointed prosector of the anatomical institute at Leipzig. He received his doctorate in 1797, and from 1802 until his death was active as professor of anatomy and surgery. From 1804 to 1809 he also held the post og Physicus to the university.

While a student Rosenmüller was a pioneering speleologist. Both the cave bear – ursus spelaeus rosenmüller – and a cave is named in his honour.


  • Die Lehre von den Naseneiterungen mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Erkrankungen des Sieb- und Keilbeins und deren chirurgische Behandlung.
    München, Leipzig, J. F. Lehmann, 1893. 2nd, revised, edition, 1896. English translation 1900.
  • Atlas der Krankheiten der Mundhöhle, des Rachens und der Nase.
    München, J. F, Lehmann, 1894.
  • Atlas und Grundriss der Kehlkopfkrankheiten.
    München, J. F. Lehmann, 1897. 100 pages.
    Volume 14 of Lehmann's medizinische Handatlanten.
    2nd edition, enlarged and revised, as:
  • Atlas und Grundriss der Krankheiten der Mundhöhle, des Rachens und der Nase. 1902
    3rd edition, enlarged and completely revised, as:
  • Die Krankheiten der Mundhöhle, des Rachens und der Nase. 1912.
  • Atlas-manuel des maladies du larynx.
    Paris, Baillière, 1899. 244 pages.
  • Atlas and abstract of the diseases of the larynx. 1900.
  • Atlas und Grundriss der Krankheiten der Mundhöhle, des Rachens und der Nase.
    2nd edition, enlarged and completely revised, 1902.
  • Grundriss der Kehlkopfkrankheiten, und Atlas der Laryngoskopie.
    2nd edition, enlarged and revised. München, J.F Lehmann, 1907. XVI + 213 pages.
  • Die Krankheiten der Mundhohle, des Rachens und der Nase.
    3rd edition, enlarged and completely revised. München, J. F. 1912. 800 pages.
  • Kurzgefasstes Lehrbuch und Atlas der Krankheiten der Mundhöhle, des Rachens und der Nase.
    Teil II: Atlas. München, 1912. Lehmann's Medizinische Handatlanten, volume IV
  • Atlas and epitome of diseases of the mouth, pharynx, and nose.
    2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Authorized translation from the German.
  • P. J. Desault:
    Oeuvres chirurgicales. 3 volumes. Paris, C. Ve. Desault, an VI [1798]-1803. Posthumous publication by Xavier Bichat (1771-1892).
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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