Biography of Gabriel Anton
Born in Saas, Böhmen, Gabriel Anton studied in Prague and Vienna, receiving his doctorate in Prague in 1882. For some years he was a physician at the Hospitals in Dobranz (probably today’s Dobrzyn in Poland) and Prague, and in 1887 went to Vienna to work with Theodor Hermann Meynert (1833-1892) whom he regarded as his greatest influence. He was habilitated in psychiatry and neurology in 1889, and in 1891was called to Innsbruck as professor extraordinary of psychiatry and director of the university clinic.
In 1894 he was appointed ordinarius of the same disciplines in Graz, where he remained until he, in 1905, succeeded Karl Wernicke (1848-1905) in Halle an der Saale. He retired in 1926.
Anton contributed to the study of chorea describing scars in the lenticular nuclei. In his pioneering work on the lack of self-perception of their deficits in patients with cortical blindness and deafness, he associated brain pathology with psychology. Paul Schilder (1886-1940) was his assistant in Halle (1909-1912) and with him he analysed choreic and athetoid movements.