- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Pierre Louis Alphée Cazenave

Born 1795
Died 1877

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French dermatologist and syphilologist, born 1795; died late April 1877, Garches.

Biography of Pierre Louis Alphée Cazenave

Pierre Louis Alphée Cazenave became Interne des Hôpitaux de Paris in 1823 and was conferred doctor of medicine in 1827. At the Hôpital Saint-Louis he was a pupil of Laurent Theodore Biett (1781-1840), who introduced the doctrines of Robert Willan (1757)-1812) and Thomas Bateman (1778-1821) in France, and with Henry Edward Schedel (died 1856) he published Biett’s lectures in 1828.

In 1835 he became professor agrégé at the faculty, and soon after he was entrusted with the teaching of materia medica. In 1839 he participated without success in a concours for this chair.

Cazenave concentrated his efforts in the study of diseases of skin, and he is credited with having abandoned previous superficial and schematic methods and introduced scientific methodology. At the Hôpital Saint-Louis generations of students were his pupils.

From 1844 to 1852 he edited the first journal devoted entirely to scientific dermatology, Les annales des maladies de la peau et de la syphilis, and from 1828 was co publisher of the Journal hebdomadaire de médecine. He coined the term lupus erymatodes.

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