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Luís Morquio

Born  1867
Died  1935

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Uruguayan paediatrician, born January 3, 1867, Montevideo; died 1935.

Biography of Luís Morquio

Luís (Louis) Morquio began his medical education in Montevideo in 1887. He graduated in 1890 and obtained his doctorate two years later for a thesis on the treatment of typhoid fever.

In 1893 Morquio paid his first visit to Europe, spending a year as intern broadening his experience, especially in Paris, where he pursued his chosen field of paediatrics at Jacques-Joseph Grancher's (1843-1907) clinic for sick children. He worked with Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan (1858-1942) and was present at the clinics of Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893), Pierre Charles Édouard Potain (1825-1901) and Paul Georges Dieulafoy (1839-1911) as well as Georges Hayem (1841-1933) and Étienne Lanceraux (1829-1910).

He returned to Uruguay in 1894 and opened practice as a paediatrician. During his absence, his faculty had created a chair of paediatrics and on his return Morquio was appointed second in command, succeeding to the professorship in 1900. He was professor of internal pathology 1895-1900. In 1915 he was a founder of the Sociedad uruguaya de pediatría.

Morquio maintained links with his colleagues in France, where he was elected to membership of several academic societies. The French government conferred upon him the rank of officer of the Légion d'Honneur and in 1930, in Geneva, he was elected president of the international Save the Children Society. In 1930 he was appointed director of Clínica Pediátrica y Puericultura - the Institute of Clinical Pediatrics in Montevideo. Morquio's academic activities extended to many aspects of congenital and acquired disorders of childhood and he was the author of numerous publications in the field of pathology and hygiene of paediatrics, and two paediatric textbooks.

Morquio was an amicable man who was esteemed by his colleagues throughout the world. He died suddenly in 1935 at the age of 68 years, and after his death a bust was erected in his honour at the institute of paediatrics, Montevideo.


  • Los dessareglos gastro-intestinales del lactante. Montevideo, 1918.
  • Clínica infantil. 2 volumes; Montevideo, 1927.

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