- A dictionary of medical eponyms

August Eduard Martin

Born  1847
Died  1933

Related eponyms

German obstetrician, born July 14, 1847, Jena; died 1933.

Biography of August Eduard Martin

August Eduard Martin, the son of Eduard Arnold Martin (1809–1875), studied in Jena and Berlin, graduating from the University of Berlin in 1870. He worked as an assistant to his father and was habilitated for obstetrics and gynaecology in Berlin in 1876, becoming professor extraordinary in 1893. He established a private clinic which he made into an important centre of operative gynaecology. He was appointed ordinarius in Greifswald in 1899, but retired in 1907 and returned to Berlin. He was particularly recognised for his operation for extended extrauterine pregnancy, for his manipulation to extract the head in breech presentation, and his perfectioning of vaginal operational methods.

With Max Sänger (1853–1903) he established the journal Monatsschrift für Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie in 1894.


  • Über das Verhalten von Harn und Nieren der Neugeborenen.
    With Carl Ruge (1846–1926). Stuttgart, 1875.
  • Zur Enucleation der intraparietalen Myome des Corpus uteri.
    Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Frauenkrankheiten, 1876, 1: 143-167.
  • Das Verhalten des Cervix uteri während der letzten Schwangerschaftsmonate. Stuttgart, 1877.
  • Über den Scheiden- und Gebärmuttervorfall.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1880.
  • Die Drainage bei peritonealen Operationen.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1882.
  • Das extraperitoneale periuterine Hämatom. Stuttgart, 1882.
  • Pathologie und Therapie der Frauenkrankheiten.
    Wien and Leipzig, 1885. 4th edition, 1907.
    Translated into English, French, Italian, Russian, and Spanish.
  • Über partielle Ovarien- und Tubenexstirpation.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1880.
  • Lehrbuch der Geburtshilfe. Wien and Leipzig, 1891. Translated into Italian.
  • Über Kraurosis vulvae.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1894.
  • Handbuch der Krankheiten der weiblichen Adnexorgane.
    3 volumes, 1895–1906. Volume 1 and 2, Leipzig; volume 3 Berlin.
  • Zum Spätbefinden Ovariotomierter.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1899.
  • Diagnostik der Bauchgeschwülste.
    In Deutsche Chirurgie, volume 45a, Stuttgart, 1903.
  • Die vaginalen Methoden in der Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie.
    (Volkmanns) Sammlung klinisher Vorträge, Leipzig, 1910.
  • Martin:
    Werden und Wirken eines deutschen Frauenarztes.
    Lebenserinnerungen. Berlin, 1924.
  • Eduard Arnold Martin:
    Handatlas der Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe.
    2nd edition by August Martin, Berlin, 1878. Lehrbuch der Geburtshilfe für Hebammen.
    4th edition by August Martin, Stuttgart, 1880.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.