- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Eugen von Hippel

Born  1867
Died  1939

Related eponyms

German ophthalmologist, born August 3, 1867, Königsberg; died 1939.

Biography of Eugen von Hippel

Eugen von Hippel was the son of Arthur von Hippel (1841-1916), professor of ophthalmology in Königsberg and a pioneer in the field of corneal grafting. In Heidelberg he studied medicine with Wilhelm Heinrich Erb (1840-1921), pathology with Julius Arnold (1835-1915) and ophthalmology with Theodor Leber (1840-1917). He received his medical doctorate in Göttingen in 1889. A physician from 1890, Hippel was Arnold's assistant in pathology in Heidelberg, where he was habilitated in 1893. Here he studied cadavers with severe infections, which influenced the course of his later research.

In 1892 he began to specialize in ophthalmology and became assistant to Dr. Leber. He studied and lectured in ophthalmology and won a prize for his research. He was appointed professor extraordinary in Heidelberg 1897. In 1909 von Hippel moved on to Halle as professor and head of the eye clinic, and in 1914 to Göttingen as professor of ophthalmology. He retired for reasons of failing health in 1934.

Von Hippel took an active role in the work of his students, helping them think and talk through the problems they were tackling. He demanded the best efforts of everyone, physicians, nurses, and all other employees of the clinic. He instilled in everyone the spirit of respect for accomplishment in everything they did. This resulted in a very unusual harmony and positive mutual cooperation which benefited the work of the clinic in very favourable ways.

Von Hippel gained international recognition for his work on the pathological anatomy of the eye.

His daughter was the cellist Lena Chemin-Petit (died 1994).

    "To those who met von Hippel briefly, he appeared reserved and withdrawn; but whoever came to him with a real human need, be it as a patient seeking advice from him, as a pupil returning to him, or as a co-worker seeking with him the same goal in a clinical and scientific task, that person would find in Dr. von Hippel a rich helpful attitude and an unlimited and unshakeable confidence."
    Dr. Baurmann, Karlsruhe
    Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 1993, 103: 632-634.


  • Zur Ätiologie der Keratitis.
    Doctoral dissertation; Göttingen, 1889.
  • Über Siderosis bulbi. Leipzig, 1894. Über die Palliativtrepanation bei Stauungspupille. Leipzig, 1909.
  • Die Krankheiten des Sehnerven.
    In: Edwin Theodor Saemisch and Albrecht von Graefe: Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde. 7 volumes. Volume 2. A, volume 7, 2. Leipzig, 1922.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.