Biography of André Levret
André Levret was the most famous of 18th century French obstetricians. After completing his studies in surgery he devoted himself entirely to obstetrics. He became a close friend of the famous surgeon Antoine Louis (1723-1792) and, following the death of Jard, became accoucheur de la cour. In this capacity delivered the mother of the future Louis XVI of the dauphine.
Levret is particularly remembered for his important improvements of the birth forceps, as well as the breech manoeuvre and the caesarean section.
Levret attracted pupils from all over Europe, among them Georg Wilhelm Stein (1731-1893), Lukas Johann Boër (1751-1835), and Johann Friedrich Osiander (1787-1855).
Levret's somewhat exaggerated love of operating caused him to undertake many unnecessary operations. To him the future of obstetrics laid in the perfection of the operations.
He became a member of the Académie royale de chirurgie on January 22, 1780.