- A dictionary of medical eponyms

William Saunders

Born 1743
Died 1817

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Scottish physician, born 1743, Banff; died May 29, 1817, Enfield.

Biography of William Saunders

William Saunders was the son of a distinguished physician. He studied in Edinburgh and received his doctorate at that university in 1765 with the dissertation De antimonio. He subsequently settled in London, where he assisted Sir George Baker, who investigated the Devonshire colic, with his knowledge of chemistry.

In 1770 Saunders was appointed physician in Guy’s Hospital. He made a brilliant career and in 1790 became a fellow of the College of Physicians. He was several times censor to the same body, and in 1792 Gulstonian lecturer, in 1796 Harveian orator, and in 1807 he was appointed Physician Extraordinary to the Prinzy-Regent. I 1814 he retired to Enfield, where he died three years later.

In 1768 Saunders translated Joseph Jakob Edler von Plenck’s paper on the use of mercury in syphilis from Latin.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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