Fred Houdlett Albee
Biography of Fred Houdlett Albee
Fred Houdlett Albee was a famous New York orthopaedic surgeon who is remembered for his application of mechanical methods to bone operations and for devising a number of operations and procedures, which bear his name. In 1908 he devised an operation for surgical ankylosis of the hip and in 1911 he described his operation for spinal fusion whereby a portion of the tibia is transplanted into the spine. He also devised a bone mill and a fracture table as well as a bone saw for cutting bone grafts.
Albee studied at Harvard Medical School, at Massachusetts General Hospital, and worked scientifically at the Cornell Clinic in New York. He began his practice in Waterbury, Connecticut, and later settled in New York. Here he worked at the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled. He was later consultant orthopaedic surgeon to more than twenty hospitals in New York, New Jersey, Vermont, and Florida, consulting surgeon to several hospitals and was director of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. He was professor of orthopaedic surgery at N. Y. Post Graduate School and Hospital. His scientific work concerns the autogenous bone grafting by using the Albee electro-operative bone mill (Knochenmühle).
Albee was the first to employ living bone grafts as internal splints. His cutting machines and surgical saws were fully explained in the classic treatise on bone graft surgery.