- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Rudolf Schirmer

Born  1831
Died  1896

Related eponyms

German ophthalmologist, born March 10, 1831, Greifswald; died 1896.

Biography of Rudolf Schirmer

Rudolf Schirmer received his first education in Greifswald, then studied in Göttingen, Berlin, Paris, and Vienna.. He was mainly a pupil of Albrecht von Graefe (1828-1870). After receiving his doctorate in 1865, he settled permanently in his native city of Greifswald, where he was habilitated for ophthalmology in 1860. He was appointed extraordinarius in 1867, and in 1873 was called to the chair of his speciality, while also becoming director of the university eye clinic. He retired from his office in 1893 and died as privy medical councellor in 1896.

As the first Privatdozent of ophthalmology in Greifswald he introduced separate academic teaching of his speciality, thus separating it from surgery.


  • Ein Fall von Teleangiektasie.
    Archiv für Ophthalmologie, Berlin, 1860, 7: 119-121.
    Schirmer's syndrome.
  • Die Lehre von den Refractions- und Accomodationsstörungen des Auges. Berlin, 1866. Die Krankheiten der Thränenorgane.
    Graefe-Saemisch, Handbuch der Augenheilkunde.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.