- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Alexandre-Achille Souques

Born 1860
Died 1944

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French neurologist, born February 6, 1860, Peyre, commune Compregnac, département Aveyron; died 1944, Servou, Seine-et-Marne.

Biography of Alexandre-Achille Souques

Alexandre Achille Souques studied in Paris where he became interne in 1886 and received his doctorate in 1891. He subsequently worked as médecin des hôpitaux (Hospice de la Salpêtrière), and later became médecin honoraire. A student of Charcot, he confirmed Schiller’s observation that deep sensibility of the face is conveyed centrally by the facial nerve. One of the leading French neurologists, Souques was a member of the Académie de Médecine from 1918, and one of the founding members of the Societé de Neurologie de Paris with Babinski and others.

He was regarded by the pioneer French neuro-surgeon Clovis Vincent (1879-1947) as the finest teacher and clinician – praise indeed in that school at that time.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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