- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Alexandre-Achille Souques

Born  1860
Died  1944

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French neurologist, born February 6, 1860, Peyre, commune Compregnac, département Aveyron; died 1944, Servou, Seine-et-Marne.

Biography of Alexandre-Achille Souques

Alexandre Achille Souques studied in Paris where he became interne in 1886 and received his doctorate in 1891. He subsequently worked as médecin des hôpitaux (Hospice de la Salpêtrière), and later became médecin honoraire. A student of Charcot, he confirmed Schiller’s observation that deep sensibility of the face is conveyed centrally by the facial nerve. One of the leading French neurologists, Souques was a member of the Académie de Médecine from 1918, and one of the founding members of the Societé de Neurologie de Paris with Babinski and others.

He was regarded by the pioneer French neuro-surgeon Clovis Vincent (1879-1947) as the finest teacher and clinician – praise indeed in that school at that time.


  • Infantilism hypophysaire.
    Written with Stephen Chauvet (1885-1950).
    Nouvelle iconographie de la Salpêtrière, Paris, 1913, 26: 69-80.
  • Rapport sur les syndromes parkinsoniens.
    Revue Neurologique, Paris, 1921, 28: 534-573.
    Souques recognized the importance of encephalitis letharigica as a cause of parkinsonism; more than any other neurologist he was responsible for unifying its diverse manifestations.
  • Kinésie paradoxale.
    Revue Neurologique, Paris, 1921, 37: 559-560.
    Older description of parkinsonian persons who can run much easier than walk. In 1928 Souques wrote the preface to a new edition of L’électro-diagnostic by the mathematician/ physicist Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (1861-1916).

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