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Heinrich F. Hoyer


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Polish histologist and embryologist, born April 26, 1834, Inowrazlaw, Province of Posen; died 1907.

Biography of Heinrich F. Hoyer

Heinrich F. Hoyer
Hoyer’s father was an apothecary. He studied in Breslau from 1853 to 1856, and in Berlin 1857. Already while still a student he devoted himself eagerly to the study of histology and embryology. In 1858 he became Karl Bogislaus Reichert’s (1811-1884) assistant in Breslau, but soon was called to Warsaw. As Adjunct here he first taught physiology and histology, in 1860 became extraordinary and in 1862 full professor of histology, embryology and comparative anatomy, remaining in this position until he became emeritus in 1894.

Hoyer’s untiring work produced an exemplary directed laboratory at which, during the period of 1867 to 1883, students and young physicians authored 42 histological works.

He was one of the most active members of the Warsaw medical society, and from 1881 was active on the editorial board of the Gazeta lekarska, a medical journal published by some younger physicians in Warsaw. He also co-editor of the weekly medical journal Tygodnik lekarski.

Besides his own publications, Hoyer was a contributor to the Jahresberichte über die Fortschritte der Anatomie und Physiologie by Hoffmann and Gustav Albert Schwalbe (1844-1916).


    A reliable list of Hoyer’s work, as well as those written under his guidance, is in Gazeta lekarska, 1884, No. 51.
  • Über die Eifollikel der Vögel, namentlich der Tauben und Hühner.
    [Müller’s] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin, Berlin, 1856.
  • De tunicae mucosae narium structura.
    Doctoral dissertation. Berlin, 1857.
  • Histologia ciala ludzkiego. Warsaw, 1862.
  • Mikroskopische Untersuchungen über die Zunge des Frosches.
    [Reichert’s]Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, Leipzig, 1859.
  • Ueber die mikroskopischen Verhältnisse der Nasenschleimhaut verschiedener Thiere und des Menschen.
    [Reichert’s]Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, Leipzig, 1860.
  • Ein Beitrag zur Histologie der Pacinischen Körperchen.
    [Reichert’s] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, Leipzig, 1864.
  • Ein Beitrag zur Histologie bindegewebiger Gebilde.
    [Reichert’s] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, Leipzig, 1865.
  • Ueber unmittelbare Einmündung kleinster Arterien in Gefässäste venösen Charakters.
    Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie, Bonn; volume XIII.
  • Zur Histologie des Knochenmarkes.
    Centralblatt für die medizinischen Wisenschaften, Berlin, 1869.
  • Ueber den Austritt von Nervenfasern in das Epithel der Hornhaut.
    [Reichert’s] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, Leipzig, 1866.
  • Ueber die Nerven der Hornhaut.
    [Max Schultze’s] Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie [und Entwicklungsmechanik], 1873.

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