- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Alexis Joffroy

Born  1844
Died  1908

Related eponyms

French physician and neuropsychiatrist, born December 16, 1844, Stainville, Meuse; died November 24, 1908

Biography of Alexis Joffroy

Alexis Joffroy studied in Paris, where Jean-martin Charcot (1825-1893) influenced him to devote his efforts to neurology. He obtained his doctorate in Paris in 1873, was appointed médecin des hôpitaux in 1879, and the following year became agrégé at the Paris faculty. He came to the Salpêtrière in 1885, and from 1893 to his death in 1908 was professor of clinical psychiatry, teaching at the Asile St.-Anne.

Alexis Joffroy made contributions to the understanding of syringomyelia. In 1869 Joffroy and Charcot demonstrated the atrophy of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord in poliomyelitis.

Of particular interest are his investigations on the etiological influence of alcohol on progressive paralysis.


  • De la pachyméningite cervicale hypertrophique. Paris, 1873.
  • De la médication par l' alcool. Paris, 1875.
  • De l’influence des excitations cutanées sur la circulation et la calorification. Paris, 1878.
  • Des différentes formes de la broncho-pneumonie. Paris, 1880.
  • Nature et traitement de goître exophtalmique. Paris, 1894.
  • Fugres et vagabondage. With R. Dupouy. Paris, 1909.
  • La paralysie générale. With Mignot. Paris, 1909.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.