John Bingham Roberts
Biography of John Bingham Roberts
John Bingham Roberts graduated from the Thomas Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1874. His uncle, Dr. R. J. Levis, was a distinguished plastic surgeon, and Roberts followed him into that speciality. In 1882 he was one of the founders of Philadelphia Polyclinic and the College for Graduates of Medicine, where he taught anatomy and surgery. From 1890 to 1900 he was also professor of surgery at the Women’s Medical College. In 1918 the policlinic and the graduate college became a part of the University of Pennsylvania.
A skilled plastic surgeon, Roberts published extensively on nasal ulcers, facial clefts and facial trauma, and the profound psychological effects such abnormalities had on the patient. His book War Surgery of the Face had a significant influence on the management of casualties in the Great War. He served as president of the American Academy of Medicine and the American Surgical association.
- The field and limitation of the operative surgery of the human brain.
- A manual of modern surgery.
Philadelphia, 1890; 2nd edition 1899.
- Notes on the modern treatment of fractures.
- Surgery of deformities of the face. New York, 1912.
- Treatise on fractures. Philadelphia, 1916; end edition, 1921.
- Congenital clefts of the face.
Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, 1918, 67: 110-114.
Roberts introduced the push-back procedure-backward displacement of the velum to ensure adequate speech.
- War surgery of the face : including cleft alate. New York, 1919.