- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Walter Butler Cheadle

Born  1836
Died  1910

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English paediatrician, born October 1836, Colne, Yorkshire; died March 22, 1910, London.

Biography of Walter Butler Cheadle

Walter Butler Cheadle was educated at Gaius College, Cambridge, graduating M.B. in 1861 and then studied medicine at St. George’s Hospital, London. He interrupted his studies in 1861 to join Lord Milton on an expedition to explore Western Canada (1862-1864), and to go to China. On returning home, with Milton, he published a book on his adventures, The North-West Passage by Land, which gained a lot of attention.

He continued his medical studies and received his doctorate in 1865, became assistant at the St. Mary’s Hospital in 1866 and from 1869 he was for 23 years at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, where he was dean of the medical faculty from 1869 to 1873. At the time of his death he was consulting physician at the St. Mary’s Hospital. He was an ardent advocate of women in the study of medicine.

Cheadle published the first observation on acute rachitis after J. O. L. Möller, calling the disease «infantile scurvy». He distinguished scurvy from rickets in 1878.


  • Cheadle's journal of trip across Canada,1862-1863. William Fitzwilliam Milton, and Walter B. Cheadle:
  • The North-West Passage by Land. Being the narrative of an expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, undertaken with the view of exploring a route across the continent to British Columbia through British territory, by one of the northern passes in the Rocky Mountains.
    London: Cassell, Petter and Galpin, 1865.
  • The various manifestations of the rheumatic state as exemplified in childhood and early life.
    London, 1889.
  • On the principles and exact conditions to be observed in the artificial feeding of infants.
    London, 1889; 2nd edition, 1902. (1899?)
  • Occasional lectures on the practice of medicine. London, 1900.
  • Infantile scurvy.
    With Frederick John Poynton (1869-1943). London, 1909.

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